HIST 1351 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Platt Amendment, Teller Amendment, Yellow Journalism

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9 Feb 2017

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Building an American Empire 1877-1900
Reasons for expansion
o We needed room
o Industrialization
o European competition
o New markets
Trade surplus
Development of naval fleet
o Alfred Thayer Mahan
Influence of Sea Power Upon History, 1660-1783 (published in 1892)
Strong navies are needed to protect international imports
Spanish-American War 1898
o Cuba
o Yellow press
o Explosion of Maine, Feb. 1898
Boat explodes while docked in the harbor
Spain gets blamed
The steam engine inside of the Maine is what really caused the ship to blow up
o Cuban independence, Teller Amendment, 1898; Platt Amendment 1903
U.S. has no intention to annex Cuba and use the U.S. Navy to remove all Spanish
from the island
U.S. has the right to intervene with Cuban affairs when they see fit and they can
dock their boats in the bay
o War in Cuba
Often referred to the splendid little war
U.S. was nowhere near ready to fight a war
o Spanish-American War
You can pay for someone else to go fight for you
o Battle of Santiago de Cuba, 1898
o Battle of San Juan Hill
o F. U.S. Defeat of the Spanish navy in the Philippines, May 1898
o Making peace with Spain
Spain granted independence to Cuba
They give up Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States
o Emilio Aguinaldo/Philippines
Aguinaldo leads a resistance 1898-1902
4,300 Americans and 5,700 Philippines were killed
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