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Lecture 7

POLS 1510 Lecture 7: Presidency
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8 Pages
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Fall 2016

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1510
Professor
James Staab
Lecture
7

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Presidency
General observation
o Most personalized branch (Woodrow Wilson)
Backgrounds
Qualifications
Number
Age
Socio-economic status
Education
Political experience
Rankings
Age
o Most youthful presidents
Teddy Roosevelt (1902-09): 42 (accidental)
John F. Kennedy (1961-63): 43 (elected)
Bill Clinton (46); Barak Obama (47)
o More senior presidents
Ronal Regan (1981-89): 69/73
William Harrison (1841): 68
Family dynasties
o John Adams/John Quincy Adams
o James Madison/Zachary Taylor
o William H. Harrison/Benjamin Harrison
o Teddy Roosevelt/Franklin Roosevelt
o George H. Bush/George W. Bush
Challenging circumstances
o Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)
o Abraham Lincoln (1861-65)
o James Garfield (1881)
o Andrew Johnson (1865-69)
o Herbert Hoover (1929-33)
o Richard Nixon (1969-74)
o Ronald Regan (1981-89)
o Bill Clinton (1993-01)
Educational backgrounds
o Harvard
John Adams/John Adams
Teddy Roosevelt/Franklin Roosevelt
John F. Kennedy
o Yale
William H. Taft
George H. Bush
George W. Bush
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o No college education
George Washington
Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
Zackary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
Grover Cleveland
Harry Truman
Political experience
o Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-69)
o Gerald Ford (1974-77)
o None:
Zackary Taylor (1848-50)
Ulysses S. Grant (1869-77)
Dwight Eisenhower (1953-61)
Powers not clearly defined
o Article I versus Article II
o Implied on inherent powers
o Whig v. stewardship theory
William Howard Taft (1909-13)
Teddy Roosevelt (1901-09)
Enormous expectations placed on occupants of this office
o Infinite responsibilities of the president
o Increasing over time
Difficulties of satisfying those expectations
o Congress
o Iron Triangles
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o Supreme court, e.g., U.S. v. Nixon (1974)
Why low marks as an institution?
o Ineffective
o Unrepresentative
o Unethical
o Lacks collective responsibility
Bicameralism
o Connecticut
o Compromise
o Desired ends
House: more popular/rash
Senate: more deliberate (cools off some of the passions of the house)
o Differences between the two houses
Qualifications
Age
o House 25
o Senate 30
Citizenship
o House 7 years
o Senate 9 years
Residency
Size
House: 435
Senate: 100
Terms
House: 2 years
Senate: 6 years, plus staggered
No term limit on congress
o Functional differences
Revenge bills
Confirmations (simple majority)
Treaties (2/3rds vote)
Impeachments
Constitutional stadard Artile II, “etios 4: Treaso, riery, or
other high ries ad isdeeaors
House (Articles of impeachment) (majority vote)
Senate (tries official) (two-thirds vote)
2 presidents impeached
o Andrew Johnson
o Bill Clinton
Different Rules
o Filibuster
o Cloture (Rule 22) (3/5th vote)
Missouri General Assembly
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Description
Presidency  General observation o Most personalized branch (Woodrow Wilson)  Backgrounds  Qualifications  Number  Age  Socio-economic status  Education  Political experience  Rankings  Age o Most youthful presidents  Teddy Roosevelt (1902-09): 42 (accidental)  John F. Kennedy (1961-63): 43 (elected)  Bill Clinton (46); Barak Obama (47) o More senior presidents  Ronal Regan (1981-89): 69/73  William Harrison (1841): 68  Family dynasties o John Adams/John Quincy Adams o James Madison/Zachary Taylor o William H. Harrison/Benjamin Harrison o Teddy Roosevelt/Franklin Roosevelt o George H. Bush/George W. Bush  Challenging circumstances o Millard Fillmore (1850-1853) o Abraham Lincoln (1861-65) o James Garfield (1881) o Andrew Johnson (1865-69) o Herbert Hoover (1929-33) o Richard Nixon (1969-74) o Ronald Regan (1981-89) o Bill Clinton (1993-01)  Educational backgrounds o Harvard  John Adams/John Adams  Teddy Roosevelt/Franklin Roosevelt  John F. Kennedy o Yale  William H. Taft  George H. Bush  George W. Bush o No college education  George Washington  Andrew Jackson  Martin Van Buren  Zackary Taylor  Millard Fillmore  Abraham Lincoln  Andrew Johnson  Grover Cleveland  Harry Truman  Political experience o Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-69) o Gerald Ford (1974-77) o None:  Zackary Taylor (1848-50)  Ulysses S. Grant (1869-77)  Dwight Eisenhower (1953-61)  Powers not clearly defined o Article I versus Article II o Implied on inherent powers o Whig v. stewardship theory  William Howard Taft (1909-13)  Teddy Roosevelt (1901-09)  Enormous expectations placed on occupants of this office o Infinite responsibilities of the president o Increasing over time  Difficulties of satisfying those expectations o Congress o Iron Triangles o Supreme court, e.g., U.S. v. Nixon (1974)  Why low marks as an institution? o Ineffective o Unrepresentative o Unethical o Lacks collective responsibility  Bicameralism o Connecticut o Compromise o Desired ends  House: more popular/rash  Senate: more deliberate (cools off some of the passions of the house) o Differences between the two houses  Qualifications  Age o House 25 o Senate 30  Citizenship o House 7 years o Senate 9 years  Residency  Size  House: 435  Senate: 100  Terms  House: 2 years  Senate: 6 years, plus staggered  No term limit on congress o Functional differences  Revenge bills  Confirmations (simple majority)  Treaties (2/3rds vote)  Impeachments  Constitutional standard (Article II, Sections 4): “Treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”  House (Articles of impeachment) (majority vote)  Senate (tries official) (two-thirds vote)  2 presidents impeached o Andrew Johnson o Bill Clinton  Different Rules o Filibuster o Cloture (Rule 22) (3/5 vote)  Missouri General Assembly o House (163) o Senate (34) o Length of terms
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