GEOG 1700 Lecture 5: Geography Notes 5

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7 Feb 2017
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Geography 1700- Lecture 5
- Climate
- Summary of weather over a long period
- Averages of weather- at least 30 years
- Changes over time
- Two measures determine climate type
- Average Precipitation
- Average Temperature
- Plays a role in where people live
- Air Temperature
- Changes with elevation
- 3.5 oF per 1,000 ft
- Precipitation
- Variability over time and space
- Rain and Snow
- Classifying Climates
- Includes temp and precipt
- Effects of temo in water availability to plants
- Studied by Wladimir Koppen
- 5 major categories with subcategories
- Tropical, Dry, Midlatitude w/ warm summers and cool winters,
Midlatitude with warm summers and cold winters, Polar Climates
- Subtypes
- Humid Low-Latitude Tropical Climates (A)
- Located around 10 degrees from equator
- Heavy precip
- High, steady temps
- Dry Climates (B)
- Cover 35% of Earth and 10% of population
- Further from equator
- Low precip, but seasonal
- Warm- Lat climates (C)
- Further from equator, even more seasonal
- Fronts of cold and warm air
- Like southeast US
- Cold Mid-Latitude Climates (D)
- Stronger seasonal variations
- Far from oceans
- Less variation of rainfall
- North America
- Polar Climates (E)
- Low temps
- High seasonal variation
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