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Lecture 1

HIST 1400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Pope Leo X, Good Works, European Atomic Energy Community

31 pages98 viewsSpring 2018

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1400
Professor
Edward Guimont
Lecture
1

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Dante DeCesare
Professor Eddie
History 1400
Notes
Notes 1/31/18
The Protestant Revolution Discussion
Christian Faiths
a. Catholic
i. Institutional
1. Hierarchal
a. Pope = Top
2. Faith and Good works gets you to heaven
a. Free Will
3. *Based on Bible
4. Everything should be in Latin
5. Church should be elaborate
b. Protestant
i. *Faith Alone can get you to heaven
1. Predetermined path
a. No free will
ii. Splinter Groups
1. Lutheranism
a. Led by Martin Luther
iii. Should be in your Native language
iv. “Keep it simple stupid”
1. Church should be simple
v. *Everyone has direct connection to god
Pope Leo X, “Condemning the Errors of Martin Luther” (1520, Rome)
1. State involvement in churches
2. Uses “we” to embody church
a. Addresses himself as a monarch
i. “Appointed by God”
3. Calls Lutheran “Simple Minded”
a. Says church must have hierarchy
i. Higher up you are closer to god
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b. Indulgences are only for those who can't do it themselves
Martin Luther, “On the freedom of a Christian” (1520, Germany)
1. Religious power is more important than secular power
2. As long as you believe nothing can hurt you
3.
Notes 2/5/18
The Scientific Revolution:
1. Christianity + Astronomy did not mesh
a. Everyone was a “Devout” Christian at this time
2. Challenges Authority of ancient greeks and romans
a. Especially Astronomy
i. Ptolemaic Model
1. Earth at center of the Universe
a. “We Don’t feel like we’re moving so we are not moving”
ii. Copernican Model
1. Earth not center of Universe
iii. Planets orbit in perfect circles
1. God does not make anything imperfect
3. “The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies”, Nicolaus Copernicus (1543, Poland)
a. Says Sun is center of the earth
i. Publishes book on his deathbed
1. Church wouldn’t be happy with it
a. Believed Humans were center of earth and Copernicus
doesn't
4. “The Crime of Galileo”, Cardinals of Inquisition (1633, Rome)
a. First Telescope
i. Discovers the Moon is a place just like Earth
ii. Funded by the Medicis
1. Powerful family
a. Funded arts
5. Isaac Newton died a VIRGIN.
a. Huge Loser
b. Invented Calculus
i. Fucked me my whole high school career
6.
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The (European) Renaissance:
1. Fall of Constantinople
a. Last of the Roman Empire
i. At Same time King Ferdinand is reuniting spain from the Muslims in the
east
Constantine
b. First roman emperor to convert to christianity
i. Said the church owns the Roman Empire
Notes 2/12/2018
How to Order Society
The Wars of Religion Ends
Thirty Years War (1618-1648)
Ends with Peace of Westphalia
Creates Borders for States
End to Catholic/Protestant wars of religion that began in 1522
Concept of Nation-State Emerges
People Unify under a Government
Relatively Same concepts of power
Balance of power
Militaries are all similar
Keep each other in line
Science Enters Government
Scientists, Philosophers, etc. come together to pool information
Govt. Funded
The Organization of Society
Great Chain of Being (Spiritual Hierarchy)
God
Angels
Humans
Saints
Kings
Everyone Else
Animals
Plants
Inanimate objects
Undergrads
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