HIST 1400 Lecture 13: Hist 1400 Lecture 13

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Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1400
Professor
Edward Guimont

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Notes 4/2/18
The Origins of World War 1
Causes of WW1
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
Not the direct cause
Could have been prevented
Nationalism
Switched from democratic to more aggressive monarchist
Single ethnic group trying to take over
Struggle for power
Rise of German Nationalism
Very opposed by France
Creates First Treaty of Versailles (Look up)
Rise of anti-semitism in France
The Decline of the Ottoman and Austrian Empires
Russia feels they have the same ancestry as Slavic nations
Same religion/language
Russia sees it as their role to protect all of these nations
Long Term goal of overtaking them for the mediterranean and
Istanbul
Tzar of Russia wants Istanbul because it is the center of
their religion
Serbia wants self-unification
Only Slavic state governed by a Slavic
Break away from Austrian Empire
Replication of Italy’s unification
Czechs, Bulgarians, and Irish erect national identities for themselves
Beforehand just identified with a different nationality
EX: Bulgarians = Greek
Turks also want to break away from Ottoman Empire
The Rise of Germany
German Unification 1856-1871
Britain sees Germany becoming a new superpower as a threat
Both Military and Economic threat
Threatens Britain's industrial output, even exceeds it
(Germany)
Germany creates a strong navy
Britain is an island, protects the mainland
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Description
Notes 4218 The Origins of World War 1 Causes of WW1 Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand Not the direct cause Could have been prevented Nationalism Switched from democratic to more aggressive monarchist Single ethnic group trying to take over Struggle for power Rise of German Nationalism Very opposed by France Creates First Treaty of Versailles (Look up) Rise of antisemitism in France The Decline of the Ottoman and Austrian Empires Russia feels they have the same ancestry as Slavic nations Same religionlanguage Russia sees it as their role to protect all of these nations Long Term goal of overtaking them for the mediterranean and Istanbul Tzar of Russia wants Istanbul because it is the center of their religion Serbia wants selfunification Only Slavic state governed by a Slavic Break away from Austrian Empire Replication of Italys unification Czechs, Bulgarians, and Irish erect national identities for themselves Beforehand just identified with a different nationality EX: Bulgarians = Greek Turks also want to break away from Ottoman Empire The Rise of Germany German Unification 18561871 Britain sees Germany becoming a new superpower as a threat Both Military and Economic threat Threatens Britains industrial output, even exceeds it (Germany) Germany creates a strong navy Britain is an island, protects the mainland
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