SOCI 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Reference Group, Impression Management, W. E. B. Du Bois

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7 Feb 2017
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Social Interaction 2.6
Monday, February 6, 2017
8:34 PM
Double consciousness, W.E.B Du Bois
o Have to look at yourself through the eyes of others
Symbolic interactionism
o Cooley, Mead, Goffman
o Able to think about how we think about ourselves
o Not born with a sense of self
o Sense of self is fundamentally shaped through communication with
others
Cooley
o "The looking-glass self"
o We know who we are by thinking about how other people see us
o We are motivated by our desire for approval
o We tailor our actions to meet others expectations by taking "the role of
the other"
Imagining how they will see us
o Some people's approval matters more than others
Significant others: people close enough to us to strongly influence
our behavior
Friends, parents, boyfriend
Reference groups: abstract group of people whose behaviors you
seek to emulate
"successful college student" "attractive woman"
You do’t hae to actually ko the
Role models: exemplary member of reference group becomes
model for behavior
Senior in your major, blogger, older sibling
Generalized other: what is considered appropriate in a particular
time or place
Based on social roles and social norms
Goffman
o "Life's a stage"
All that we do is a staged performance
Front stage = public presentation of self and impression
management
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