How did intellectuals inspire alexander"s (and philip"s) decisions concerning. The rash decisions of athenian popular democracy (not a representative democracy) Made decisions based on whatever demagogue - able to sway decisions. Socrates was a traditional greek who fought battles in peloponnesian; celebrated for being a good soldier; problematic for the elites because he had friends who were associated with the oligarchy - more oligarchical than democratic. Was able to sway the young elites in athens. Put on charges for corrupting the youth -> found guilty -> died in 399 bce. Start to see anger toward popular democracy of athens. Wrote about the ideal state and model rulers. People who watch the shadows from the fire light believe that that is their reality. Those who escaped into the sunlight are philosophers. The search for model rulers of the past (cyrus i of persia, hercules, others) Greeks associate hercules as king - presents an ideal.