PSY 10A Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: External Validity, Ecological Validity, Cognitive Psychology
Basing belief on personal experience or experiences of people they know. However, they lack comparison groups and can be biased. Problem is that intuition is often wrong because humans are not inherently logical hypothesis times when it is not. Availability heuristic- relying on information that comes to mind most readily. Present/present bias- focusing on times that the relation is present, and fail to consider. Confirmation bias- ask only the questions and consider only the evidence that supports. Bias blind spot- thinking you are the only unbiased opinion. Believing something to be correct because it has been advocated by someone who is an expert or has. About how variables relate to, predict, or cause one another. Can describe or explain a body of data. Used to make predictions about the results of future studies. Motivated to maintain social connections across adulthood. When time is open-ended, focus on knowledge. When time is limited, focus on emotions.