Religious Studies 7 Section Notes.docx

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Religious Studies
RG ST 151A

Introduction 1/9/2012 12:55:00 PM  Wednesday 3:30 – 4:30  HSSB 30057 Native Americans and Judaism 1/9/2012 12:55:00 PM  Creed: beliefs, stories, explanations about life that answer questions  Code: rules, guidelines for behavior  Cultus: rituals; formal and repeated  Community: people who partake in the same religious system See notes in folder  Jews:  Creed o Monotheistic o Covenant (legal contract with God, only one God)  Jews are the chosen people o Mitzvot  Do good deeds and live in accordance with the law  Code o 10 commandments o Jewish law o Torah (old testament, first 5 books of Hebrew bible) o The peoples’ side of keeping the covenant o Kosher cooking/food o Observing Sabbath  Cultus o Shabbat dinner  challah o Pesach Seder o Lighting candles o Ceremonies (weddings, bar/bat mitzvot, etc.) o Fasting o Yom kippur/rosh hashannah o Sukkot  Native Americans:  Creed o Dreams and visions (shamans, healing people) o *Correspondence (things correspond to a larger reality)*  Microcosm (humans, physical world, etc.)  Macrocosm (spirit world)  Want harmony between smaller world and larger world o Connections to nature (harmony w/ nature) o Animism: animals, wind, rain, etc. have spirits o Origin story: coming from the earth  Code o Gender roles  Berdaches  Women: gather, harvest, prepare food, hunt small game  Men: hunt large game, warriors  Matrilineal/patrilineal descent  U.S. patrilineal (female takes man’s name, etc.)  Native Americans (trace descent by mother) o When hunting, must respect the animal  Thank spirit of animal  Not wasteful of animal’s parts  Cultus o Use of herbs o Peyote o Ghost dance  Wovoka: combined Christianity and Native Americanism o Life cycle rituals (different stages of life) o Seasonal rituals Robert Allen Warrior  Liberation theology: people use God to justify their actions; things need to change on earth because our behavior isn’t in harmony with God  Ex: Martin Luther King Jr.  appealing to God in his speeches  Robert Allen Warrior  Believes the Native Americans can identify with the Jewish exodus from Egypt to Jerusalem (Canaanites) because they were both kicked off their own land  First response: Native American Christians o Respond to Warrior by telling story of Native American woman asking Jesus to heal her daughter o Warrior thinks it’s BS because the woman had to BEG Jesus to heal her daughter.  Pg. 100: last two sentences o Warrior is saying stop looking in the Bible for liberation theology. It isn’t there!  Differences between Christianity and Judaism  Messiah o Christian: Jesus = manifestation of God o Jewish: radical monotheism = one God and ONLY one God; messiah isn’t another manifestation of God… messiah is human; reform = not a person that redeems people, but people as a whole will work together to create peace on earth; messiah =/= Jesus  Sin o Christianity: sin is a state of being; people are sinners because of Adam and Eve (original sin) o Judaism: no original sin (different Adam and Eve story… didn’t cause original sin); born a good person, and sin is based on what you do, not who you are Catholics and Protestants 1/9/2012 12:55:00 PM  Uncle Sal = Paraliturgical  Follows catholic church, but big on Saint Margaret  Margaret not official saint yet because: o Suspicion with handicapped people because thought process  you must’ve been guilty to have this unable body  Catholicism vs. Christianity  which church should I join?  Catholicism: o Purgatory: limbo stage, you can be forgiven for sin if you properly ask for forgiveness, but you still have this “stain”; you go to purgatory to work off your sins before you go to heaven  can buy indulgences to make time in purgatory less o Church: churches divided geographically  Christianity: o Purgatory: doesn’t exist o Church: people aren’t separated geographically, you choose whether you’re going to be a protestant or not (conversion process) Section 4 - Theodicy 1/9/2012 12:55:00 PM  Theodicy  Theo: God  Dicy: justice  Parallels between Catholic suffering and African American Christian suffering  Catholic: cripples were closer to God; sufferers have more room to grow as people and triumph  Af. Am. Christian: believed they were chosen people because they, like Jesus, were forced to suffer as a people “suffering servants”  Major difference: predestination  Catholics suffered because they sinned or did something wrong/will do something wrong (God wants suffering for sinners); Af. Am. Christians believed that suffering didn’t occur because God wanted it  Liberation theory: in both Af. Am. Article and Native Am. Article; o Native Americans  God isn’t good liberator o Af. Americans  God is on their side, read bible and identity with Christ; bible has great examples of how to suffer and how to overcome the suffering “suffering into joy” o Compensatory: Af. American religion is compensatory (suffer now, it’ll pay off later; justifies oppression)  Basically, it’s okay that you’re slaves now… you’ll go to heaven later; White Christian church used religion to keep slaves “in line”  Big compensatory thinker = Karl Marx  “Religion is the opiate of the masses”  religion convinced people that in the afterlife they’d be rewarded, so they were no longer interested in changing their suffering in current life  Joseph Smith and Mormonism  Creed: monotheistic; human beings will be as Gods  Mormonism and Twilight o Cullens are like God: immortal, undergo suffering to become who they are (freewill to suck blood or not), live in town called forks (forks in the road, Cullens choose to do something different)  Joseph Smith stated that God isn’t all powerful = he isn’t responsible for all the horrible things that happen in the world; human beings are free to do what they want (free will)  Mormonism vs. Christian Science o C.S: mind over matter  matter isn’t real and is just an illusion; don’t believe in medicine because it won’t work… only the mind can cure the body o Mormonism: The Book of Mormon comes from golden plates buried in the ground (matter = important); keep the physical body pure by not drinking alcohol/caffeine  Christian Science  Mind over matter  mind and the spiritual could heal the body; matter is an illusion  Mary Baker Eddy o Had special connection to God from childhood because she kept hearing a voice o Dad wouldn’t let her go to school because her brain was already too big for her body; going to school would make her brain bigger o Questioned church and predestination as a child; hated the doctrine so much she got physically ill o Quimby was kind of a mentor to her, yet she diminished his impact on her ideas with Christian Science o Slipped on ice and hurt her back quite badly  Reading the Gospels (in new testament)  decides the bible is a guidebook for mental and spiritual healing  Jesus brought people back from the dead/healed people; the new testament is actually about this mental/spiritual healing  Eventually wrote a book about how the bible and its stories really helped healing o In real life today: have discovered that stress makes you physically ill; bridge between mental and physical is smaller  Quiz Answers:  1 – correct  2 – correct  3 – incorrect  4 – incorrect  5 – correct  For the final:  Study basic ideas from textbook/bolded terms  How does the reader illustrate ideas from the textbook?  Creed, cultus, code for each religion Section 5 – Review 1/9/2012 12:55:00 PM  Mormons individual freedom  Christian Scientists  Seventh Day Adventists  Jehovah’s Witnesses  Shakers  Oneida Perfectionists  Branch Davidians total commitment to community ^^^ all happened in the 19 th century, save for Branch Davidians ^^^  Chart posted online  Essay question online  Blue book, green scantron needed  Sects o Similarities  Emerged in 19 thcentury  Exclusivity  sects are chosen societies; people choose to be in a sect versus a large church (chosen society of saints)  Demands for behavior (code) are very high for its members  Works over grace  how they live their lives is more important than predestination in regards to going to heaven or not  Millennialism: current world is going to end soon, and Christ is going to come back and redeem the earth (sects are very into millennialism)  Differences o Jehovah’s Witnesses  Founder: Charles Taze Russel  Time setting  end of the world near  Apostate  someone who leaves the religion  Jesus died on stake… not cross  Don’t celebrate holidays (Christmas, Easter, birthdays)  Promote religion door to door  publishing  Main publication: “The Watch Tower”  Church called “Kingdom Halls”  Men and women kept separate  Blood transfusions: passages in the bible about blood being dirty (don’t use blood transfusions) o Mormons  Founder: Joseph Smith  God: Father-Mother  Creed  Missionaries are very important (really want to convert people  one of fastest growing religions in the word present day)  Matter: The Book of Mormon came from golden plates  matter is holy, all spirit is actually a form of matter (God, your spirit after you die, etc. all little refined pieces of matter)  American history  Jesus came to America  Rituals  Temple work (only can go in temple if Mormon)  Code  Polygamy: used to be polygamous, but got rid of it in 1890 (wanted Utah to become a state, but the US told them it couldn’t be a state if polygamous)  Human beings become like God when you die  Marriage and family are forever after you die (when you go to heaven)  Want to keep body healthy (no alcohol, tobacco, coffee, etc.)  Continuing Revelation  God speaking to human beings ended with the 12 disciples  Mormons believe ^^ FALSE o Christian Scientists  Founder = Mary Baker Eddy  She
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