RG ST 3 Lecture 9: Lecture 9 5.2.17

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Department
Religious Studies
Course
RG ST 3
Professor
Hillis
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture #9 5.2.17 Tuesday, May 2, 2017 8:04 AM Buddhacarita (cont.) Buddha's Enlightenment • Buddha finally understands the inner workings of the universe ○ Human psychology* Earth Witness • After Mara's defeat, Buddha sees past & future lives, understands interdependent causation, and attains ○ All of these myriad factors push people to experience things ○ Nirvana = generic term that describes enlightenment § END OF SUFFERING, end of rebirth • Calls on the Earth to "bear witness" to his enlightenment ○ Mara questions his enlightenment, and Buddha touches the earth and causes it to shake Nirvana • This Dharma that I have found is profound, hard to see, hard to understand; it is peaceful, sublime, beyond the sphere of more reasoning, subtle, to be experienced by the wise. But he who takes delight in attachment, rejoices in attachment for him it is hard to see this truth, namely nirvana ○ Buddha sees the truthor the law ○ Nirvana mainly refers to teaching* Teaching Career • Buddha plans not to teach, but is begged by the gods • First disciples are his 6 ascetic friends, who formerly rejected him • He teaches doctrines 4 Noble Truths,- Fold Noble Path & impermanence The Great Passing • At age 80, Buddha passes away • Dies from food poisoning • His death was his last teaching oi permanence Impermanence • Have I not formerly explained that it is the nature of things that we must be divided, separated, and parted from all that is beloved and dear? How could it be that what has been born and come into being, that what is compounded Lecture #9 5.2.17 Tuesday, May 2, 2017 8:04 AM Buddhacarita (cont.) Buddha's Enlightenment • Buddha finally understands the inner workings of the universe ○ Human psychology* Earth Witness • After Mara's defeat, Buddha sees past & future lives, understands interdependent causation, and attains ○ All of these myriad factors push people to experience things ○ Nirvana = generic term that describes enlightenment § END OF SUFFERING, end of rebirth • Calls on the Earth to "bear witness" to his enlightenment ○ Mara questions his enlightenment, and Buddha touches the earth and causes it to shake Nirvana • This Dharma that I have found is profound, hard to see, hard to understand; it is peaceful, sublime, beyond the sphere of more reasoning, subtle, to be experienced by the wise. But he who takes delight in attachment, rejoices in attachment for him it is hard to see this truth, namely nirvana ○ Buddha sees the truthor the law ○ Nirvana mainly refers to teaching* Teaching Career • Buddha plans not to teach, but is begged by the gods • First disciples are his 6 ascetic friends, who formerly rejected him • He teaches doctrines 4 Noble Truths,- Fold Noble Path & impermanence The Great Passing • At age 80, Buddha passes away • Dies from food poisoning • His death was his last teaching oi permanence Impermanence • Have I not formerly explained that it is the nature of things that we must be divided, separated, and parted from all that is beloved and dear? How could it be that what has been born and come into being, that what is compounded • His death was his last teaching oi permanence Impermanence • Have I not formerly explained that it is the nature of things that we must be divided, separated, and parted from all that is beloved and dear? How could it be that what has been born and come into being, that what is compounded and subject to decay, should not decay? It is not possible Theravada Buddhism Fundamental Doctrines Important Sramana Concepts • "Cyclic existence" (samsara) = uncontrolled birth and rebirth • Moral and/or ritual conduct ( karma) • "Liberation" (moksha) from this cycle Background • Buddhism accepts idea of cyclic existence(amsara) • Universalizes the notion of "suffering" • All human conditions lead to suffering • Suffering has a cause = craving or "thirst" • Must practice spiritual discipline to be released from this cycle of suffering and rebirth • Serious followers of Buddhism renounce lay life and become wandering ascetics • Not all laypeople can follow this example, so they "take refuge" in the "3 Jewels" ○ Buddha (the teacher) ○ Dharma (the teachings) ○ Sangha (followers) Dharma (teachings) • These teachings were centered around Sakyamuni's enlightenmenb (dhi) experience • Core teachings = 4 Noble Truths ○ Suffering (duhkha) Cause of suffering (samudaya) ○ § Attachment, desire, craving, greed ○ Cessation of suffering (nirodha) ○ Path (marga) Path (marga) • 8-fold Path summarized into the "3 Trainings": 1. Morality/ethics (Sila) § Right Speech, action, livelihood § To be a moral person equates to happiness and less suffering 2. Meditation/Concentration ( samadhi) • His death was his last teaching oi permanence Impermanence • Have I not formerly explained that it is the nature of things that we must be divided, separated, and parted from all that is beloved and dear? How could it be that what has been born and come into being, that what is compounded and subject to decay, should not decay? It is not possible Theravada Buddhism Fundamental Doctrines Important Sramana Concepts • "Cyclic existence" (samsara) = uncontrolled birth and rebirth • Moral and/or ritual conduct ( karma) • "Liberation" (moksha) from this cycle Background • Buddhism accepts idea of cyclic existence(amsara) • Universalizes the notion of "suffering" • All human conditions lead to suffering • Suffering has a cause = craving or "thirst" • Must practice spiritual discipline to be released from this cycle of suffering and rebirth • Serious followers of Buddhism renounce lay life and become wandering ascetics • Not all laypeople can follow this example, so they "take refuge" in the "3 Jewels" ○ Buddha (the teacher) ○ Dharma (the teachings) ○ Sangha (followers) Dharma (teachings) • These teachings were centered around
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