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Susanna Lewis

1. What Do We Define as Progress a. Some say it composes of technological advancement, improvement in quality of health and social life, and moral/ethical advancement. 2. “Progress” a. Pros i. Actual laws imposed for morality/ethics ii. More machine labor than human labor iii. Faster and more efficient good productions iv. Social connections greatly expanded v. Communications are lightning speed vi. Puts us in a position to help others who are less fortunate b. Cons i. Very sedentary lifestyle (not as healthy). The world comes to us ii. Domesticated bullying (privacy and security) iii. Wide access to information means you can be entrenched in your own views. iv. Tremendous inequality in social living/health v. We become desensitized to social qualms vi. Changed the aspect of war (distance fighting and radar detection, not face-to-face.) vii. Equal education but not equal health care viii. Still high level of racism. 3. Assumptions about Todays’ Society a. We generally assume that because of technological advancements, our lifestyle was overall “better.” 4. Ju/Wasi: a. Main subsistence strategies and time required for food acquisition: They are mainly hunter gatherers who spend about 20 hours per day gathering meat and foraging mostly for a specific nut. b. Very nutritious diet. In general, everybody has enough food. No-one is starving unless there is a system-wide disaster. They share foods and values. c. Very egalitarian and humble society, and everyone values the contributions of everyone in the society. d. Not much of a hierarchy, but more importance is placed on elders and women, although there is no status difference. Men perceive their work as gifts to women. e. In a society as small as theirs, they don’t want individuals to believe that they are better than themselves in terms of the values of their “contributions.” 5. Modern U.S. a. Very fast-paced and non-stagnant lifestyle. We are very self-interested and think in terms of our benefit. b. We would perceive ourselves as less healthy than other neighboring societies. c. Low sense of community, everyone is walking around, but not talking to each other. There are a lot of crimes, especially anonymous crimes that hurt other people, strangers even. This is a stark contrast to societies like the Ju/Wasi. d. Everything revolves around this piece of paper that we assume as our currency. e. The ego is nurtured in our society, and we like to emotionally pamper ourselves. f. Huge status differential; not seen so much in the public, but in personal institutions. Status determined by materialistic things such as cars and clothes and wealth. 6. We have an idea about humanity as having steadily improved over the centuries; that we have gotten better, smarter-that some clever folks just realized that we could produce food in a more efficient way. In addition, we also believe that the reason that we are so technologically advanced as compared to other countries is because we are just smarter. However, this “steady improvement” is not all for good. a. For example, with industrialized food production, we may be able to produce more food for a growing population, but it is not nearly as efficient. In addition, the food we produce is not nearly as nutritious as natural foods that other
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