DOC 3 Lecture 4: W2L4&5

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University of California - San Diego
Dimensions of Culture

The 1970s - 1980s ● High interest rates ○ Rise in unemployment ■ “stagflation” ● Social movements rise and fall ● Outsourcing for cheaper labor ○ Neoliberalism offered a promised to fix things ● Rise of technology and mechanization ● War on drugs ○ Rise of mass incarceration and job loss ○ Sets the stage for 90s hip hop and culture and music How Capitalism Underdeveloped Hip-Hop - Derek Ide ● A writing sample for the paper ○ Lyrical analysis and evidence in its historical content ○ Lyrics interact with the time period ● Analyzing Hip Hop: “The poet’s eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven And as imagination bodies forth The form of things unknown, the poet’s pen Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing A local habitation and a name” - Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Act V, Scene 1 ● What is Hip-Hop? ○ D. Ides, “A People’s History of Rap” ■ Hip hop is complex multifaceted, cultural phenomenon composed of many elements ■ Emerged in response to social, political, economic conditions of 1970s, 80s, 90s, etc ■ Lyrics and videos engage with dominant, residual, and emergent (counter hegemonic) ideologies of the time ■ Ideological formations of race, class, gender, sexual orientation, immigration status, religion, disability, environment ● A song might only reference one or two of these ● Understanding context ○ Loss of well paying jobs with benefits ■ Replaced with minimum wage jobs with no benefits ● Histories of capitalism, neoliberalism, outsourcing, automation (mechanizations of labor) ● Criticisms of these histories ● LA’s Booming Auto Industry Now a Memory ○ “It was a time when industrial jobs were an attainable ladder up from poverty. A time when you could carve out a middle-class existence with merely a high school degree, or less.” ○ “imported cars were already taking 41% of all sales in Los Angeles” ○ Loss of job dues to outsourcing ● All of these contributed to the tearing apart of families ○ Histories of redlining/housing segregation/suburban white flight ■ Redlining: residual culture from the 1930’s ○ Underfunding of schools, loss of safety net programs ○ Dismantling of civil rights legislation, radical organizations such as Black Panthers ■ Afeni Shakur was put on trial in 1971 NYC and battled the legal system while pregnant with a future renowned hip hop artist ● Hip-Hop artists are drawing on residual
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