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Lecture 6

HUM 2 Lecture 6: 2c: Jews and Romans


Department
Humanities
Course Code
HUM 2
Professor
Nancy Caciola
Lecture
6

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1. Preliminary Remarks
a. There is only Judaism
b. Vergil doesn’t present himself as a founder of a new religion, but a teacher of
Jewish religion, culture and thoughts
b.i. Referring to Jewish ideas from Jewish Scriptures
c. JESUS MOVEMENT
c.i. First time Non-Jews become interested in Jews
d. GENTILES
d.i. Who do not acknowledge Jews
d.ii. Start to consider Christianity distinctively
d.iii. Pagans
2. Jews and the Roman Empire in the First Century
a. DIASPORA
a.i. Scattering of the Jewish community
a.i.1. Smaller communities scattering in the Mediterranean
region
b. Do not try to fundamentally transform the place they conquer
c. Political situation and how Romans are governing: Three Strategies
c.i. CLIENT KINGS
c.i.1. HERODS, HERODIAN DYNASTY
c.i.1.a. Let the Jews have their own kings
c.i.1.b. A dynasty chosen by Rome
c.i.2. Herod the Great
c.i.2.a. As if Jewish Augustus
c.i.2.a.i. Big building projects...
c.i.2.b. Before Jesus
c.i.2.c. In between standing
c.i.2.c.i. Jewish
c.i.2.c.ii. rule at the pleasure of Rome
c.i.2.c.ii.1. Make everything in control
c.i.3. Herod Antipas
c.i.3.a. At the time Jesus is killed
c.i.4. Galilee
c.i.4.a. Herod’s court
c.i.4.b. Region known for Jewish radicalism
c.i.4.b.i. Anxious for independence from Rome
c.i.4.c. Jesus’ birthplace
c.ii. Roman Governor = PONTIUS PILATE, 26-36
c.ii.1. Known for being ruthless, fairly corrupted
c.ii.2. Caesarea
c.ii.2.a. Home of Pontius Pilate
c.ii.2.a.i. Quiet, seaside
c.ii.3. Jerusalem
c.ii.3.a. Center of Judaism
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