LIGN 170 Lecture 7: 170 Week 7 Notes

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Understanding Sentence Structure and Meaning
Need to know
Incremental processing and the problem of ambiguity
Method 8.1 using reading times
Models of ambiguity resolution
Variables that predict the difficulty of ambiguous sentences
Making predictions
When memory fails
Optional
Variable minds
Straining the parser for literary effect
Bilingualism and cognitive control
Phones: Making Predictions
What is the predictive mechanism in a phone?
Frequent words
Possibly tailored to communication partner
Looks like 1-back prediction
Consequences
Sentences go on forever
Ungrammaticality
Little content
What clues go into predictive processing?
World knowledge
The man will ride the…
Motorcycle
The girl will drink the…
Can’t be candy
World knowledge informs us that can’t candy is not a drink
Anticipatory looks reflect the combination of previously heard subjects and verbs
Their probability estimate of the next object
Morphological cues
German gender and case
Male
der/den knopf
der/den
Der = subject case marking
Female
die/die tasche
Die/die flasche
Klick auf den…
Kids will look at the male objects before the sentence is even
finished
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