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Class Notes for Linguistics/General at University of California - San Diego

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LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Veggie Burger, Inflection, French Fries
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Lecture 9 Syntax I: How Sentences are Built Grammatical Relations How a language marks who did what to whom o If you dont know who did what to whom, youve got problems Languages have different strategies o Sometimes, you c...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Dissimilation, Phonotactics, Epenthesis
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Lecture 7 Phonology II Syllables are Fun Linguists break the syllable into three parts Lets look at some syllables Phonological rules will often reference syllables o English l becomes [] in the coda position o is illegal ...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Morpheme, Staycation, Isolating Language
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Lecture 8 Morphology: How Words are Built What is Morphology? The study of the shape and formation of words Words are not monolithic in English o Theyre often made of smaller components Walk vs. walk-ed Brush vs. brush-ed ...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Colorless Green Ideas Sleep Furiously, Logical Truth, Vintage Clothing
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Lecture 12 Semantics Semantics The study of meaning in Language Truth in Sentences Sentences can be true, or false, with reference to the world o Since words have meanings, and those meanings can be defined logically o We ...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Deadalive, Metonymy, Pragmatics
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Lecture 13 Semantics and Pragmatics Word Meaning Relationships Words have meanings o Different words have related meanings and we find it helpful to talk about those relationships by classifying them Word relationships in ...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Vocal Tract, Alveolar And Postalveolar Approximants, Joule
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Lecture 4 Phonetics I How Does Speech Work? The Speech Process o Flapping bits of meat inside your head while blowing out air o This creates vibrations in the air youre expelling o The ear picks these up, and interprets th...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Complementary Distribution, Contrastive Distribution, Phoneme
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Lecture 6 Phonology I What is Phonology? Note on notation: o Were going to start differentiating words in IPA between and [] o tap means top at an abstract level o [tap] means that sequence of sounds at a surface level o t...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Klos, Gemination, Crass
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Lecture 5 Phonetics II More on IPA Transcription Now that we understand how speech sounds are produced o We can identify the proper symbols in the IPA o We can start to transcribe speech using the IPA o http:www.ipachart.c...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 101
Styler
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Mexican Spanish, Mayan Languages, Social Class
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How do linguistic changes spread spatially Communication and contact Communication: the more often speakers communicate, the more likely linguistics changes will spread out Contact: closer physical proximity affects how ea...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Longitudinal Study, Southern American English, Monophthong
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How do linguistic changes advance over time? ● Generational change ○ The change is most apparent in the youngest generation ● S-shaped curve ● Ad...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Double Negative, Genderqueer, Language Change
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Sex v. Gender Sex: biological linguistic work conflates biological sexgender assignment and gender identity Gender: social construct Recent work has started to examine gender (incl. nonbinary identities) more closely What ...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Code-Switching, Canadian Identity, Class Stratification
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Social Stratification and Prestige Overt prestige When a variant is assessed as having prestige Conscious choice about using one variant over another to avoid stigma Can be positive or negative Examples Avoiding double neg...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Isogloss, Canadian Shift, Phonological Change
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Quantitative Sociolinguistics The assumption We assume that language has variation and that the variation is graded, or affected, by internal and external factors We measure the variation that occurs Chisquared test The me...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 175 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Rhoticity In English, Canadian Identity
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Typical organization of English vowels, as in IPA chart Types of Chain Shifts The regional distribution of lexical variants doesn’t always match up with dialects based on pho...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 175
Marc Garellek
LIGN 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Empty Set, Logical Consequence
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Semantic Data Intuitions ● Can be reduced to one intuition: truth conditions ○ Truth/False and Truth Conditions ■ Speaker’s intuitions about a declarative sentence being true under certai...

Linguistics/General
LIGN 130
Ivano Capronigro
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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