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Lecture 9

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Roman Glass, Progressive Era, Jus Gentium

Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Janet Smarr

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1/13/17 Lecture - Roman Contributions to Making of Modern
Modern Structure of democratic gov’t
Stable society due to institutional government
Bureaucracy, all kinds of agency collecting taxes (still functioning) keeping
the empire going. It continues to function and stability of the empire
Augustus time:
Widest geographical area
International Law (“pax romana”)
Peace cross this politically unified territory
Extended citizenship to more and more people
Confronts certain rights
Roman Law: a new conception
Ius gentium = law of peoples, i.e. international law
Jurisprudence - Rational arguable system of law
not just a set of local customs
Cicero: system of law based on principles —> can be extended to all kinds of people
Roman Law - basis for modern European and U.S law
Roman legal texts were the basic law-school texts in Europe from 11th century
Required a lot of infrastructure
Roman Engineering
Paved Roads; bridges - still usable A.D 14
Eligible for draft from ages of 16 - 60
Stone blocks
Built an enormous extension of Roads
Enable a postal service
Plumbing and central heating
City water supply and sewer system
The arch (bridges, aqueducts, arenas)
Made possible by the invention of the Arch
allows boats to go through underneath
evens out the weight of the towers
stronger than a straight up wall
Used the arch to build the aqueducts which brings water from the alps to
the city
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