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Lecture 10

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Karakoram, Gobi Desert, Yurt


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Janet Smarr
Lecture
10

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2/10/17 Lecture - The Silk Road
Comparing Eastern and Western Monasteries
They have some dierences
Communal rights
Give up marriage
You live a modest life
You can eat everyday, but you’re not eating well
Ascetic, not to worldly
Getting wealthy and attracting
Dierences: West —> legally dying, culture way of living
Rules of your monasteries that you are living by
Both of them have to support themselves. Buddhist monk begging for food
Christian monk are working and themselves for food
Heal the sick (Buddhist didn’t do that)
Western: boarding schools for girls, manuscripts
Buddhist: copying sutras
Why did women lose their rights in the later part of the Roman Empire?
Final relationships
Why did Rome got more rights than in the 1st century?
Why were the northern attracted
Trade Booths are coming from the Kushan Empire. Those are places that become Buddhist
The main opposition of Buddhism was Confucianism. Han court moved South
Syncretism —> how long does it take, it takes a while. Dedicating to gods instead of getting
rid of temples
Merging of dierent traditions —> Hindu and Buddhism, Buddhism and Taoism
The Silk Road - Han Dynasty
2nd century BC, the same time the Roman was expanding, Han was also expanding
Rome was against Carthage
Han and barbarians of the North (Xiongnu)
Chinese wanted to protect their merchants and roots
Jade and Agricultural products grape wine
Opportunity for Trade
Han succeed in pushing back the Xiongnu
Carrying Silk (Chinese know how to make it) trading with wine and horses
It’s a whole network of Roads
The Silk Roads
Flourishing 1-2nd centuries AD & 8-9th centuries AD
After the Han collapse, trade lessen, it doesn’t go away since places in between are
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