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Lecture 15

MMW12 Lecture 15: Feb 17 Lecture


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
15

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MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Feb$17$LectureThe$Duties$of$a$Wife$
P.62%A%set%of%rules%of%which%girls%a%man%should%avoid%to%marry%
l On%Cultural%Common%Sense%
n “Common%sense%is%what%the%mind%filled%with%presuppositions%concludes.%
Common%sense%seems%to%require%the%least%probing,%but%requires%the%
most.”—Anthropologist%Crifford%Geertz%
n Common%sense%comes%before%knowledge%
n Common%sense%is%totally%natural%
n There%is%difference%between%common%sense%in%Kama%Sutra%and%the%
modern%world%
n People’s%ability%to%have%common%sense%relates%to%the%ability%to%have%sex%
in%a%cultured,%cultivated%way%
l Courting%and%Marriage,%Kama%Sutra%Style%
n Marriage%is%not%just%a%matter%of%love,%but%also%an%economic%matter%
u P.62-63% %
l Girls%have%certain%kind%of%commercial%value—“She%is%a%kind%of%
merchandise.”%
l Girls%can%benefit%family%if%sold%in%the%right%way%
u P.63%Marriagea%connection%
l Establishing%individual%connection%within%a%large%social%
constitution“a%connection%in%the%proper%sense%of%the%world”%
l People%of%the%same%jati%should%stay%with%people%of%the%same%
social%status%
u P.64-66%Love%matters%
l How%a%man%should%please%the%girl%and%gain%her%consent%after%
marriage%
l Getting%used%to%each%others%in%the%first%couple%of%days,%
abstaining%from%sexual%pleasure%
l Girls$are$treated$as$children$(child$marriage)$
l Manu%On%the%Nature%of%Women%
n The%Laws%of%Manu%(5th%century%CE)%is%roughly%contemporaneous%with%
the%Kama%Sutra%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
u Focusing%on%Dharma%
u Social%obligation%in%terms%of%righteousness%
u Personal%laws%as%categories,%male/female…%
u What%is%essentially%true%about%nature%of%women%(accusation)%
l Chaotic%and%unruly%
l Never%independent,%must%be%subject%to%a%male%(solution)%
l No%autonomy%(self-rule)%
u Common%sense%
l Controlled%by%male,%from%father%to%husband,%who%controls%a%
woman%sexually%
n With%discipline%and%teaching%and%struggling%
n To%guide%her%to%righteousness%in%marriage%
l Indian%idea—to%marry%a%virgin%who%hasn’t%lost%her%virginity%
u P.%79-80%
l Virtuous%woman%is%a%wife,%who%is%genetically%chaotic,%but%
disciplined%in%marriage%by%attaching%to%her%husband%
l Seeing%her%husband%as%a%god%
l Roles:%Men%are%the%heart%of%the%large%social%unit;%Women%are%
submissive,%should%devote%to%her%husband%and%obey%him,%not%
fighting%backIdeal%of%wife%
u The%Laws%of%Manu%on%the%nature%of%women%
l Strict%control%and%discipline%is%required%to%become%a%virtuous%
and%faithful%wife%
l Husband%is%the%source%of%deep%religious%power.%After%getting%
total%control%of%her%human%nature%and%seeing%her%husband%as%a%
god,%a%wife%could%really%become%a%goddess.% %
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