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Lecture 23

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Filial Piety, Emperor Wencheng Of Northern Wei, Liang Dynasty


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
23

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MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Mar$7$Lecture—Buddhism$Comes$to$China$
l Introduction%of%Buddhism%In%China%
n Emperor%Ming%of%the%Han%Dynasty%(58-75%CE)%
n Buddhism%first%introduced%to%China%during%Han%Dynasty%
u P.%296%The%Emperor%dreamt%of%a%golden%man%came%to%him%flying%
through%the%air,%named%Buddha.%Sending%guards%to%India.% %
n Foreign%exotic%monks%were%imported%to%China—encounter%of%two%
civilizations%
u Idea%of%reincarnation%(samsara)%and%karma—not%part%of%Chinese%
tradition%(men%have%persistent%souls)%
u Language%(Sanskrit%vs.%Chinese)%
u Buddhism:%Suspicion%on%the%sense%and%the%way%to%approach%the%
world%(to%be%re-understood)%vs.%dealing%with%reality%
u Buddhism:%Infinite%number%of%long%period%of%time%vs.%China:%short%
finite%terms,%dynasties%
n Confucius%Ideals%vs.%Buddhism%ideals%
u Confucian:%Five%relations%(how%people%relate%themselves%to%other%
people%is%particular)%
u Buddhism:%Rather%teaching%the%renunciation%of%family%and%
universalization%of%ethics%
u Buddhists%try%to%look%upon%all%people%as%the%same—doesn’t%fit%into%
traditional%Confucius%ideal%
l Embryonic%Phase%And%The%Problems%of%Cultural%Translation%
n Ko-I$(matching$concepts)$used%3-4th%c.%CE%
u Not%just%translating%but%to%match%Buddhism%terms%into%Chinese%
terms%
u Chinese%terms%mostly%came%from%philosophical%Daoism%
u Attempts%to%make%Buddhism%understandable%and%fit%in%Chinese%
ideal%
n Chinese%tao%vs.%Sanskrit%dharma%
n Chinese%wu%wei%vs.%Sanskrit%nirvana%
u Wu%wei:%no%action%(actionless%action)%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
u Nirvana:%escape%from%the%samsara.%Candle%blown%out%
n Chinese%xiao%vs.%Sanskrit%shila%
u Xiao:%filial%piety%
u Shila:%morality—including%not%stealing,%killing,%and%filial%piety%
l Formative%Phase%And%The%North/South%Split%
n During%the%fragmentation%of%Chinese%territory%
n Emperor%Wu%of%the%Liang%Dynasty%(6th%c.)%%
u In%the%South%
u Preacher%of%Buddhism%
u Promotion%of%Buddhism%instead%of%Daoism%
n Emperor%Wen-cheng%Ti%(5th%c.)% %
u Northern%ruler%use%Buddhism%as%the%regeneration%of%ruler%ship%in%
China%
u Set%up%statue%of%himself%as%Buddha% %
n By%5th%c.% %
u Thousands%of%monasteries%and%monks%in%Southern%China.%Even%
more%in%Northern%China%
l Phase%of%Independent%Growth%
n The%Disposition%of%Error%P.%274-275%(Criticism%of%Buddhism)%
u Why%not%Buddhism%mentioned%in%Chinese%Confucius%Classics%
l Not%ancient%in%China%doesn’t%equal%to%“not%good”%
l “The%records%and%teachings%of%the%Five%Classics%do%not%contain%
everything.”%
n Buddhist%Doctrines%and%Practices%P.%99-100%
u Realizing%the%transience%of%this%world,%Du%left%it%behind%and%entered%
a%monastic%order%
u Shaving%the%head,%giving%up%desire%and%the%jobs,%stop%worshipping%
the%ancestors%are%not%Confucius%ideals%
u Decided%to%serve%a%broader%world,%not%committed%to%the%narrow%
world—no%longer%be%doing%the%things%as%a%Confucius%gentleman%
n Buddhist%Doctrines%and%Practices%P.%101%
u Miraculous%phenomenon% %
u Having%greater%magic%than%is%not%available%in%traditional%Chinese%
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