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Lecture 20

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Qin Dynasty, Yellow Emperor, Heart Sutra


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
20

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MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Feb$29$LectureChina$Revisited,$From$the$Han$to$the$Tang$
l Indian%Mahayana%Wisdom%
n Perfection%of%Wisdom=Prajnaparamita%
n The%Heart%Sutra%“The%Heart%of%Understanding”%(page%1,%2)%
u % Avalokita%
l Cosmic%Bodhisattva%
l In%the%state%of%meditation—emptiness% %
n All%phenomenon%are%marked%with%emptiness%
n Paradox:%form=emptiness%
l No$attainment,$no$suffering$in$the$emptiness$
l Review%of%China% %
n Shang%
u Warrior%culture%
u Shang%Di% %
n Zhou%
u Religious%structure%
u Feudal%system%
u Hierarchy%
u The%King%is%related%to%TienSon%of%Heaven%
l Mandate%of%Heaven% %
n Eastern%Zhou%
u Turmoil,%Political%chaos%
u Confucius%
l Analects%
n Li% %propriety,%proper%way%in%relate%to%others%
u India:%context%sensitivity%
n Ren% %
u Benevolence%
n Xiao% % % %
u Filial%piety.%One%should%act%as%parents%order%
u Daoism%
l Lao%Zi%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
l Zhuang%Zi%
l Idea%of%Ying%and%Yang%
l Nature%and%the%human%beings%
n To%find%harmony%in%a%balanced%way%in%relate%to%the%nature%
n Qin%Dynasty%
u Shi%Huang%Di% %
u Unification,%centralization%and%regularization%
u Legalism%
n Han%Dynasty%
u Contact%with%Roman%Empire%
u Run%by%professional%bureaucrats%
u Centralized%government%
l What%Happened%Between%The%Han%and%The%Tang%
n Rome%was%constantly%beset%by%tribes,%constantly%at%battle%with%
barbarians% %
n Year%of%410,%fall%of%Rome—leading%to%political%fragmentation—and%then%
the%cultural%decline%
n Similarly,%earlier%than%the%fall%of%Rome%
u Non-Chinese%barbarian%coming%form%the%north%
u Movement%of%the%peasants%
u Period%of%political$fragmentation$
u Collapse%of%urban%economy%
n In%contrast,%the%culture,%technology%and%literature%were%not%lost%
n Ge$Hong$ $
u Going%through%various%literature%at%the%age%of%16%
u Also%a%pharmacist,%general%and%a%scholar%
u In%his%autobiography—depiction%of%a%gentleman%
u P.92%
l “There%were%13,299%volumes%of%books%in%all%[in%the%Han],%and%
since%the%Wei%dynasty,%all%genres%of%literature$have$doubled%
in%quantity.”%
n Jacques%Gernet,%A%History%of%Chinese%Civilization%
u From%the%decline%of%Han%to%Sui%and%Tang,%is%the$richest$and$most$
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