Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (490,000)
UCSD (8,000)
MMW (800)
MMW 12 (200)
Lecture 24

MMW 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: An Lushan Rebellion, Buddhist Philosophy, Official


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
24

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 1 pages of the document.
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Mar$9$LectureConfucian$Responses$to$the$Exotic$
l Confucianism%In%the%Early%Tang%
n Confucian%culture%
n Spell—deceitful,%improper,%sinful%(negative%meanings)%
u China%lay%under%the%spell%of%Buddhism%and%Taoism%
u Bias%toward%Confucian%culture%
n Buddhist%philosophy%coming%from%India%
n Buddhist%architecture,%and%the%creation%of%Buddhist%arts%emerged%
n Examination%system%was%based%on%Confucian%Classics,%but%it%was%just%a%
technical%testlacked%intellectual%value%
l The%An%Lu-Shan%Rebellion%And%Its%Aftermath%(8th%c.)%
n An%Lu-Shan%rebellion%
u Reaction%against%foreign%cultures%
u Tang%general%who%was%not%native%Chinese%
u Capturing%the%Chinese%capital%Chang’an%and%cities.%Emperor%
escaped%to%get%rid%of%An%Lu-Shan.% %
u Soldiers%of%Tang:%coming%from%Abbasid%Empire%(Islam),%
Persia…(other%foreigners%came%in%and%created%chaos)%
n Significant%shift%of%Chinese%Intellectual%Era%after%the%rebellion%
u Xenophobia%(fear%for%foreign)% %
u Toward%the%native,%purely%Chinese%tradition%
l Sources%of%orthodox%Chinese%thoughts%
l Sinicization% %
l Reality:%Tang%was%highly%inter-breeding%culture%
l Han%Yu’s%Counterattack%On%Buddhism%
n Neo-Confuciansim%
n Han%Yu% %
u Public%official%
u Speaking%on%behalf%of%Confucius%scholars%
u Memorial%on%the%Bone%of%Buddha%(against%Buddhism)% %
l Page%172%
n Emperor%received%the%bone%of%Buddha%as%a%gift%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
n The%barbarian%tribes%
n No%existed%during%the%golden%age%(essence%of%the%origin%
model)—silenced%the%other%noise%of%other%periods%
n By%worshipping%Buddha%he%looked%for%prosperity%but%
found%only%disaster,%a%sufficient%proof%that%Buddha%is%not%
worthy%or%worship.%
n Buddha%knows%nothing%about%Confucian%categories%
u Decayed%and%rotten%bonefilthy%and%disgusting%relic%
n Buddhism%threatens%the%state%stability%
u Relate:%Roman%superstition%toward%Perpetua%vs.%Han%Yu’s%reaction%
toward%Buddhism%
n Persecution%of%Buddhism—Emperor%Wu-tsung%
u P.%380%
l Temple%destroyed%
l Monks%and%nuns%have%been%returned%to%lay%life%
l Buddhist%followers%expelled% %
l Han%Yu’s%Resurgent%Confucianism%
n Creation%of%Neo%Confucianism%
n What%is%the%True%Way?%%
u Confucius%ideasRen ,%I ,%Tao ,%Te %
l Terminology%is%also%taken%from%Daoism%
u Writings,%rites%and%music,%punishments%and%government,%and%their%
methods%
u Relationships%applied%to%people—foundation%of%state%and%family%
u Different%interpretation%of%Dao%(Way)%from%Taoism%or%Buddhism%
l Connect%the%fundamental%principle%of%life%with%the%Confucian%
teaching—to%see%nature%of%the%world%using%Confucian%terms%
l Taoism%didn’t%focus%upon%the%classes%and%Confucian%values%
either%
l Buddhism:%to%escape%from%the%world%by%achieving%samsara%
and%attaining%nirvana%
u Socially%engaged%lifeobligation% %
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version