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Lecture 22

MMW12 Lecture 22: Mar 04 Lecture


Department
Making of the Modern World
Course Code
MMW 12
Professor
Richard Cohen
Lecture
22

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MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
Mar$4$LectureSex:$The$Best$Medicine$of$All?$
l Exam%System%/%Foot-binding%ReduxThe%idea%of%discipline%
n Tang:%to%take%control%of%large%territory,%the%application%of%examination%
systemnot%done%by%a%single%leader,%but%to%ruled%by%professional%class%
of%bureaucrats%
u Tied%to%Confucianism%
u Rooted%in%Han%Dynasty%
u Based%on%Confucian%classics—exactly%the%same%books,%same%
answers%
u How%they%should%look%upon%their%emperor%as%benevolent.%Be%loyal%
and%obedient.%Dedicated%to%the%country,%not%looking%for%powers%to%
themselves%and%overthrowing%the%power.% %
u Officials%are%originally%not%economic%well%beings%
n Foot-binding%
u To%be%disciplined%
u Constraints%on%the%body—ideal.%Possible%for%them%to%be%successful%
in%terms%of%the%civilization.% %
u Micro%politicseasier%to%observe%in%the%daily%life%
l Largely%a%domestic%fair%
l Mother%disciplines%daughter%(women%upon%women)%
l Bringing%prestige%to%the%men% %
u Gradually%related%to%the%women’s%prestige%and%power%
l Sex%as%Power,%Sex%as%Nature%
n Yin%and%Yang—two%forces%within%nature,%flowing%through%the%human%
world%and%struggling%with%each%other%
u Yin:%female,%material,%earthly,$human,$mortal$$
l Woman%is%an%exception%
u Yang:%male,%spiritual,%heaven,$divine,$immortal$$
l Man%is%the%general%being%
l For%man%to%keep%his%Yang,%he%should%maintain%constant%
self-discipline%
l Triumph%of%“yang%over%yin”%
MMW12%Lecture%Notes%
Carolyn% Kao%
n In%China,%life%is%good.%Life%is%to%be%enjoyed.%Not%the%idea%to%escape%from%
the%world%(due%to%the%idea%of%Yin%and%Yang)%
u Unlike%India%(the%idea%of%samsara)%
l In%Kama%Sutra,%there’s%distance%between%human%and%nature%
u Unlike%Christianity—to%be%a%martyr%and%achieve%heaven%(e.g.%
Perpetua)% %
n P.%114%
u Men%should%have%sex%with%lot%of%women,%and%not%to%ejaculate%
u Male’s%engagement%with%female%as%a%way%to%maintain%Yang%
l “One%should%maintain%self-control%to%promote%the%cultivation%
of%life.”%
l “Concern%should%be%with%improving%health%to%banish%illness.”%
u Sex%as%medicine%
n P.%123%
u Reason%for%short-lived%human%
l Ching%(from%father)+blood%(from%mother)+four%
elements…=causes%of%longevity%are%many%
l Ching-chi% %
l The$length$of$life$is$tied$to$the$ching$
l Use%sex%of%a%way%to%increase%energy%
l Sex%as%Medicine%
n P.%131%
u Chi%gives%human%the%ability%to%achieve%something%special%
u Comparison:%The%Art%of%Courtly%Art—To%avoid%sex%
u Comparison:%Ring%of%Dove—To%find%soul%mates.% %
u Comparison:%Kama%Sutra—Pleasure%for%the%sake%of%pleasure.%The%
duty%in%the%stage%of%lifeshould%wholly%pursue%pleasure.% %
l Practice%Makes%Perfect%
n Virtuoso%sex%
n What%makes%for%“virtuoso%sex”%differs%in%each%of%the%cultures%we%have%
studied%
n P.127%
u A%matter%of%time%and%geographical%settings%and%environment%
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