POLI 11 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Boko Haram, David Livingston, Protestantism

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21 May 2018
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Nigeria:
7 Successful Coups, plus several failed attempts, all carried out by military leaders
The highest rate of coups d’état in Africa
Three chief executives have been killed in office, two have died of natural causes (?)
Military rule: 29 out of 57 years (almost half)
One of Africa’s bloodiest civil wars (1967-70)
Approx. 1M deaths
2012 Homicide rate of 20 murders per 100,000 population (its a violent country politically and
with crime)
33,800 murders per year (includes terrorist violence form Boko Haram but mostly ordinary
crimes)
Four times the relative incidence of the United States, 20 times that of the United Kingdom
Poverty and Dissatisfaction:!
Ranks 152 out of 177 countries in Human Development Index, 141 on GDP/Cap
Rapid increase in poverty from the 1980s after independence
Poverty rate: From 30% (1970s) to about 70% (2000s).
Also reflected in other social aspects such as it having a lower life expectancy (52 yrs) than
many poorer countries (e.g., Benin 61)
Home to 1/4 of Sub-Saharan Africa’s poor. Another indication that life is solitary, nasty, brutish
and poor for Nigerians. (Hobbes) Only India has more poor people, it also has a much larger
population.
Satisfaction with government lower than any other African country except Zimbabwe (2005).
Causes of this: Legacies of British Rule:!
David Livingston said that, British colonialism = Commerce, Christianity, and Civilization. The
British wanted to encourage private enterprises and that British companies would be in charge
of this. They expected colonies to be self sufficient. They didn’t want to subsidize Nigeria, they
wanted to develop Nigeria so Britain would come out even in it. They also wanted to bring the
religious belief (protestant mainly) to other parts of the world. Colonialism gave other sects of
religion a chance to expand their sect, they brought religious projects, healthcare, churches,
hospitals and schools to Nigeria.
Commerce: Private enterprise was extensively involved in colonialism and often drove
government policy; colonies to be financially self-supporting
Christianity: Many churches and voluntary associations engaged in missionary activities,
education, and health care
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