POLI 142K Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Habituation, France 5, Automaticity

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Published on 8 Sep 2015
School
UCSD
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 142K
Poli Sci 142K:
Politics and Warfare
Spring 2015
Combat Compliance
Week 8, Wednesday, May 20
I. The Problem of Combat Compliance
A. Combat Compliance: compliance or non-compliance with combat commands
B. Cost of compliance: risk of mortal peril (constant cost)
C. The explanatory problem: variability of compliance
1. Within militaries
2. Among militaries
3. Across historical periods (four transitions)
D. Possible Explanations
1. Automaticity
2. Leadership
3. Costs and benefits (combat contract)
II. The variability of combat compliance
A. The compliance continuum
III. The compliance curve
A. Maximum non-compliance:
1. Repudiation of command hierarchy
2. Renegotiation of orders
B. Minimum non-compliance
1. Refusal of specific commands (shirking; halts)
C. Minimum compliance: routine compliance (like attack)
D. Maximum compliance: beyond command expectations
IV. Illustrations
A. Maximum non-compliance
1. Repudiation: Russian Army, 1905, 1917 (hoisting)
2. Renegotiation:
a. 18th century naval mutinies (strikes)
b. French Army 1917 (soldier strikes)
B. Minimum non-compliance
1. U.S. Civil War: refusal to charge
2. WWI: refusal to attack across trench lines
3. WWII: Western Front, 1944-1945
C. Minimum compliance
1. Defense less costly than attack; flank attacks less costly than frontal attacks
D. Maximum compliance
1. U.S. Civil War: autonomous attacks
2. 20th Maine at Gettysburg
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