1/23 & 1/28 - Aspirations and Attainment from a Class Perspective

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University of California - San Diego
SOCI 139
Vanesa Ribas

I. Class shapes cultural and social aspects of life. A. Bourdieu's theory is not opposed to Marxian theory of class relation. 1. It is relatively consistent or compatible. But it takes it quite a ways further. 2. Were as Marx was primarily concerned with how material conditions directly impacted particular outcomes and positions with respect to class interest. B. Bourdieu is more interested in how it affects the ways in which people form dispositions and orientations. World views, preferences, lifestyles. C. Primary marxian theories of class relations - they are antagonistic. 1. They have opposing interests, which situates them into the antagonistic 2. Crucial Marxian concept with respect to class theory is the concept of exploitation. D. Bourdieu’s theory has Habitus 1. Habitus: dispositions how class is internalized a) A means in which class is reproduced - intergenerational b) Socialization c) attitudes, worldviews, beliefs,orientations, preferences, symbols, appearances, mannerisms, values. d) People’s ways are conditioned by this Habitus 2. Direct views of cultural and class are related to the economic condition of class a) What resources they have or don't have b) People have agency - people develop preferences - rationalizations - but not also reducible to material resources c) Five years ago Starbucks was still not as mainstream how it has become. Latte at starbucks is a fancified symbolized mode of consumption. But it has now trickled down to the masses and is no longer a rarified social context 3. Example two groups of disadvantaged boys a) Came up in the same area - family structures - income / socioeconomic status b) Control for all these factors their economic conditions of existence c) These people reform the habitus of these two groups of boys - they are relatively similar but we are going to compare them, however, along the lines of 1 key difference. (1) The kinds of aspirations between the two boys (2) Aspirations are a one key element 4. So Bourdieu divides within broad classes different strata. a) Factory owners and professionals and lawyer b) variety and the intellectual class of the teachers -- college professors. c) White color office clerical workers - more versions within these classes. II. GROUP II - Some video about underprivileged class and structure A. idea that there is this basic human need. 1. Dignity, self-worth, self-respect 2. over and over these various studies and the presentation by these sort of talk given by the video - poor and working class kids experience school as a crushing experience to their self-esteem. 3. Working class kids experience school as crushing to these basic human needs a) Think critically about the idea of meritocracy. (1) Especially of an education based meritocracy. (2) The solution to social inequality is education (3) Education is always promoted to us and people like me to your ticket out. This is what you needed to do to make it in life. (a) But what happens to everybody else? What happens to the whole community and the whole system III. Child rearing are examples of an orientation or worldview dispositio
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