01/09 - "Class"

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SOCI 139
Vanesa Ribas

1. Class - socioeconomic background (income and wealth) i. Idea of cultural aspects to classes Level of education ii. Leading to hierarchical ranking iii. Occupation 1. Bosses vs. Not Bosses 2. Status of prestige (Different levels/kinds of it) iv. Not just about the individual but how the individual is related to their economic position to others. b. Conflict theory of class relations vs. Functionalist theory of stratification (Marxists analysis of class i. Conflict - What we read today (C. Wright Mills/Domhoff) 1. That there is a disconnect between the rewards of a certain employment and the prestige it has or is considered in society. 2. based on the idea of social control and manipulation by powerful group(s). Ultimate control of everything is based on money, wealth and economic power oriented toward change, not the status quo same goal as functionalism: general theory about everything in society ii. Functionalist - Purpose 1. The first ones are going to be awarded more than the latter. 2. In society it is structured as such because it’s functional 3. In order to get the right people to fill the right positions you need to have differential rewards. 4. Classes stand antagonistically in relation to each other. Positions that are an antagonistic relation to each other. a. Example - they have, objectively speaking, different (opposing) interest. b. This class offers a certain economic position that offers more to this “class” and is dependent on it. c. Karl Marx - analysis of history that had class struggle as the chief motor. i. the move from a feudal system to a capitalist system having been the result of. iii. Salaries of 2013 1. Highest - CEOs, Physicians (Plastic Surgeons), Computer people, Lawyers (~140K), Orthodontist (~125K) 2. Lowest - Restaurant/Fastfood workers (20,000), Janitorial Workers, Retail workers, Construction laborers (?), Teachers (?) iv. For Marx the technology changed. INDUSTRIALIZATION. 1. Feudal - was the old way with lords and serfs 2. Invention of new systems of agriculture and etc. sparked capitalism. So once technological productions changed, that precipitated the changes in the relations. a. No more Lords but workers and the Capitalists being at the top (The owners and leaders) b. Workers own nothing but their own labor power. Only way of gaining subsistence is by selling their ability to work. 3. Marx thought that gradually little by little, “the petty bourgeoisie” (independent storekeeper) that person was going to widdle away. a. The development of 2 classes. 4. RECAP: Marx viewed what's going on in the economic realm in terms of the various groups on how they are aligned with each other. From Feudalism (manors, serfs, feudal estates) in exchange for military support to get land. a. Also giving a percentage of whatever the lord needed that you produced on that land. b. people were bound NOT by choice but by obligation to certain estates 5. Why did it change? a. The transition to capitalism occurred because the means of production, the tool and instruments that society used to make the stuff that they need and want had changed. b. Industrial revolution - cotton gin, steam engined, all these different technological revolutions that took place meant that the kinds of relations that feudalism entailed and required no longer was needed. c. it was awkward and did not work. Th
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