CHEM104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Benzene, Ketone, Nitrite

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("1#
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Document Summary

Properies of carbon: diicult to form ions. Intermediate electronegaivity, 2. 5, so en is small for carbon bonded to most other atoms, carbon bonds are covalent- not ionic. Carbon forms strong c-c chains easily because carbon. Forms short, strong, stable, covalent bonds because c. N atoms are 3-bonded (4-bonded in quaternary amines) Single bonds are => 1 sigma bond. Double bonds are 1 sigma and 1 pi bond. Triple bonds are 1 sigma and 2 pi bonds. Aromaic bonds are 1 sigma bond and pi bond. Polarity paterns in funcional groups: nucleophile- nucleus loving part of a molecule. Electron-rich part of a molecule: electrophile- electron-loving part of a molecule. Electron-poor part of a molecule: polarity paterns in funcional groups-electronegaivity. Look at of 212 of lecture manual. C atoms in products are bonded to more atoms ater the reacion. One pi-bond breaks and two sigma-bonds form. Reactants (1 sigma-bond + 1 pi-bond) products (3 sigma bonds)

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