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Lecture 12

EDUC247 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: English Language In England, Middle Colonies, Toleration

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Hampel Robert

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READING QUESTIONS for Steven Mintz, Huck’s Raft
Chapter 1
1. What explains the intensity of the Puritans’ dispositions?
The puritans’ controlled their children the way they did in order to maintain their values. They had a
very small society and bread their children to make sure that the Puritan culture would (hopefully) not
die off. From an early age children were taught the values and puritans made sure they were educated
and raised in the Puritan ways.
2. What forms of learning outside the school educated Puritan youth?
Puritan children learned a lot about the Puritan lifestyle and values outside of school. This started from a
birth so that way their parents could really implement these ideals into them.
They also learned a lot about religion and spent large amounts of time in church. Prayer, psalm singing,
and twice daily bible readings (p. 18). Children were taught to read so that they would be able to read
the bible.
Also taught to prepare for death (p.20)
Chapter 2
1. Major differences in the youth of Native Americans and African Americans?
Native Americans:
Newborns underwent initiation rituals (included mockery, piercing of a babies ear or nose)
Boys were trained to hunt and spearfish; Girls were trained in cooking, bread making,
planting, carrying girdles and bags (p. 34)
Boys were not obligated to perform chores (as children); girls not expected to sew spin or
African Americans:
They were sold in slavery from a young age
Girls would be house workers and would hopefully learn to knit, sew, and be a housewife
Some boys would get an education while working out in field and doing other tasks
2. Regional differences: compare the Chesapeake and the “middle colonies.”
Male immigrants outnumbered the females
High infant mortality rates
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Relaxed about child’s upbringing- boys did little work
Religious enforcement or presence was almost nonexistent
Big on religious toleration
Strong emotional bond between parents and children and typically had smaller families
Parents sought to keep children isolated so they wouldn’t be corrupted by the outside
Chapter 3
1. What role did the young play in winning the Revolution?
They joined the army at young ages (teenage years) and underwent rough and tough conditions
in order to help win the war
Many left their families and ended up never returning after dying during the war
Children often rejected the ways of Brittan
2. Describe and explain the decline in deference.
Growing rejection of patriarchal rule (P.55)
Chapter 4
1. Sketch the different expectations of boys and girls
Aggressiveness and daring
Adventurous, resourceful, and self-reliant
More freedom to roam
Preparing boys for adulthood
Formed clubs and teams
Women no longer devoted their lives endless cycles of pregnancy
Wore corsets to have a mature posture
Self-sacrifice and self-service
Opportunity for work and education
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