ENGL150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Dc Universe Animated Original Movies, Pop Art, Dave Gibbons

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Published on 31 Jan 2017
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Superhero Notes
English: January 4, 2017
-Episode 1: Fighting for truth, justice, and the American way.
-Siegel and Shuster created Superman.
-Action comics—-DC comics.
-The Shadow
-1939—- Batman, Bob King
-The Joker was the first villain created.
-Captain Marvel
-Family of superheroes, The Marvels
-Superman was the most popular.
-Captain America created a few months before the US went into WW2.
-Important propaganda device.
-1941—-WonderWoman
-Comic books were seen as a factor in juvenile delinquency.
-Class Notes: Development of Comics
-Regular novel; imagery is communicated by words. Graphic novel; ideas and narratives are
done by pictures.
-Pictorial representation are used to communicate messages especially to illiterate audiences.
-Illiterate people can be educated through pictures.
-Early graphic texts are fixed.
-Print technology is considered one of the five most greatest developments of all time.
-Lead to newspapers.
-1730s: William Hogarth began combining his illustrations with textual captions and publishing
them in newspapers. Comic strip. Morality tales:
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-A Harlot’s Progress 1732, woman who becomes a prostitute and dies of disease, very popular.
-A Rake’s Progress 1735, wealthy young man who falls into alcoholism drugs and women, who
ends his life in a mad house.
-Lot’s of Hogarth’s work was stolen: Congress passed the copyright law so artists’ would not
have their work stolen.
-The Yellow Kid 1895: small bald kid from New York City, used by Pulitzer for social
commentary.
-The Katzenjammer Kids 1987
-These characters would give another perspective into the city that people lived in.
-Comic strips up to the 1930s were very popular.
-Comic books were printed in four color printing.
-1938: Action Comics No.1 ——-Superman
January 5, 2017
Superman
-Jerry Siegal, Joe Shuster——Authors of superman
-While in high school, contributed comic strips and stories to the school newspaper.
-Began self-publishing
-Fanzines——issues for friends
-Philip Wylie—-Gladiator
-Got the first idea of Superman through Gladiator
- Superman had mostly mental powers, was experimented on by a doctor
-Got the name Superman from Friedrich Nietzsche—-Ubermensch
-Eugenics movement: idea that human beings were improvable. Idea of genetic improvement
through breeding. Inferiors were sterilized so they couldn’t reproduce.
-Superman is the example of the superior group.
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-In 1934, Superman is created. Becomes a comic book hero because Jerry and Joe are friends.
Joe is the artist, Jerry writes.
-Superman is a physical rather than a mental marvel. Colorful. The cape indicates movement.
Was an immigrant. Alter-ego is an ordinary person: Clark Kent.
-Willing suspension of disbelief: suspend the rational mind while reading fiction to enjoy it.
-Superman was unsuccessful.
-Newspaper comic strips were huge. Comic books were not as important.
-Comic distribution was run by organized crime.
-1938: first appearance of Superman.
Idea of Origin Stories
-Readers want to know where the superhero came from.
-Origin stories were changeable
-Star Trek and Star Wars were changed because of continuity
-Superman’s origin stories:
1938 Action Comics No.1 - baby on a spaceship lands in Kansas and brought to an
orphanage where people questioned his strength, then as he grows he develops more of his
powers.
1939 Superman in weekly comic strip (Newspaper) - retell origin story in greater detail,
Krypton and parents are established.
1939 Superman’s own comic book - full origin story and how he became Clark Kent and a
journalist, Clark becomes Superman after the Kent’s pass away and starts at the Daily Star.
1945 More Fun comics No.101 - Superboy is introduced. Completely different origin story.
No super powers on Krypton, lots of detail about Krypton.
1948 10th Anniversary retells the origin but does not discuss superboy. Establishes the Kent
family, Superman discovers his alien origins.
1953 DC Comics - decides to reboot Superman. Brand new origin story. Original
framework is kept (krypton being destroyed, landing in Kansas, becomes Clark Kent).
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