HIST103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Terra Australis, Epicurus

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Introduction to History:
Units of Measurement:
One generation = 25 years
500 BCE (before common era) = 2500 BP (before present) = 2.5kya (thousand
years ago) = 100gn (generations ago)
100kya = 4000 gn
Directionality:
G.F. Hegel (1770-1831) → history is a story of progress; got the ball rolling for
professional, academic history
Karl Marx (1818- ) → studies Hagel, but says this progress is not uniform. There
will be dark times, but at the end of those times progress will continue.
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) → christian; studies human beings, apes,
mammals, birds, etc. and their history of life on earth; history is a story of change
and evolution
“Animating History”
1) Jacob Roggeveen’s Discovery
1659-1729
Search for Terra Australis- left the Netherlands and sailed
Believed there was a huge continent in the south pacific (Terra Australis)
Found a remote island - Easter Island -
people who lived there didn’t have much technology or organization
Had 3 canoes- very primitive
Statues all over; architectural feats
The Greeks:
Epicurus (341-270 BCE)
- psychical disequilibrium
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