J l 51117 LECTURE Collapse 1. Infamous Examples Identifiable Causes 2. LateBronze Age Case Study 3. Constructing Maps of Time Collapse: Classic Examples Collapse A significant and rapid loss of an established level of social complexity and sociopolitical integration. Social complexity A significant degree of heterogeneity and inequality, lasting 300+ years. o Old kingdom of Egypt 4.2 kya, periods of decentralization o Akkadia 4.1kya o Harappa 3.7kya o Minoan 3.4kya o Mycenean 3.2kya Collapse: Identifying Causes Empires go through 5 stages: o Savage State o Arcadian or Pastoral state o The Consummation of Empire o Destruction o Desolation Two Basic types of Collapse: o Single Polity one political group comes undone and reverts to a simple level of social complexity Ten Classic Causes: Depletion of resources Establishment of a new resource base Catastrophe Failure to adapt Runaway competition overpopulation Intrudersinvasions Internal rebellion, class conflict, internal contradictions Subjectivemoral factors (i.e. decadence, old age, apathy) Chance right series of events comes along and undoes the empire.