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Lecture 7

HIST206 Lecture 7: Immigration

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Immigration Thursday, March 2, 2017 3:22 PM Push Pull Factors Life in the United States Restrictions on Immigration 19th Century 18701910: over 20 million people came to U.S. o 1850s: majority of people coming from Northern Europe (England, Ireland, and Germany) Had many cultural and religious ties to people in U.S o 1900: demographics changing > people coming from Eastern and Southern Europe (Italy, Russia, Austria Hungary, etc.) Impacts how people are viewed when they enter the United States Push Factors: reasons why people left their homelands (Emigration = out migration) Agricultural changes in Europe o Enclosure (fencing in private property {made it hard for people to graze cattle}) in Western Europe: 1500s1900s Landowners raising livestock and removing tenant farmers; people who have skills as farmers but cannot farm anymore because theyve been evicted from large landowners properties > looking for land of their own (U.S. lucrative destination to move to) o End of Serfdom in Russia Serf (an unfree peasant) system of hereditary bondage where people were tied to a specific plot of land, and had to follow rules of that landowner; state of servitude; serfs couldnt easily move (they couldnt leave property that they were born into) NOT MOBILE Serfs moving for the first time (to places where they can own property and be outside control of landowners) Population Growth in Europe (1750s1850s) o Lower rates of infant mortality (more people living to adulthood > means they are taking up resources; having their own families; etc.) People competing for jobs, food, housing > better to go to U.S. as opposed to not having enough to eat and not having enough space in Western Europe (not enough resources) Eldest sons inherit property; younger sons need to find a way to support themselves (they could do so by participating in the Gold Rush an adventure) Irish Potato Famine, 1840s o Small subsistent farmers depended on potato as main source of food o Potato crops failing due to blight > lost main source of food; people starving in Ireland > hungry and couldnt pay landlords and rent o Come to U.S. in large numbers (during first half of immigration) Religious Discrimination (2nd Half of Immigration) o Tsar Alexander II assassinated, 1881 Blamed on Russian Jews
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