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Lecture 9

HIST206 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Frederick Winslow Taylor, Industrial Workers Of The World, Family WagePremium

4 pages90 viewsSpring 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST206
Professor
Kreitzer
Lecture
9

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The Progressive Era
Tuesday, March 7, 2017
4:10 PM
Problems Facing Industrial America
Approaches to Reform
Role of Federal Government in Reforms
Progressives
1890s-1910s
White Middle Class background
o Had college educations; successful within society (professors, clergymen, journalists, female
social workers, scientists, business leaders etc.)
o Felt need to improve urban life in U.S. --> shared belief that they had to address negative
ramifications of industrialization
o ADVOCATING FOR CHANGE
Timeline of Reform
o 1870s: European Reform (Europe industrial revolution sooner)
o 1880s: reform at local level
People working to press state governments to create new laws (especially in the
Northeast); state laws to protect workers
Problem: reforms get passed at state level, but there is not a lot of enforcement in
place
o 1890s: Call for federal intervention
Federal agencies who work directly to oversee factories and other industries, and help
citizens
o Election of 1900: all presidential candidates discussed plans for reforms
In their platforms
Scientific Approach to Reform:
o A way to address problems facing society
o Formed private aids societies that operated like corporations (management) to help
interface with public
o Relied on experts to help advocate for change and use that knowledge to convince people
that change was necessary
Rise of professionalism in U.S.
Medical field changing (mid-wives --> doctors w/ medical degrees); using
degrees and status in order to instruct them and employees on how to improve
conditions for people in U.S.
o Collected Data
Started own data collection projects --> doing a lot of field work, interviews, using
data as evidence to support causes
Rates of accidents in factories (monitoring and calculating these)
# of children working in certain industries
Wages people received for work
Began to influence how states monitored and collected demographic data
State governments taking cue from progressives, and they're hiring state
employees to do the same things, and using data to pass laws
Enforcement is still major problem
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