Study Guide: Exam 2
Issues of gender / nature - traits you are born with
Nurture - environment
Affects on gender- how parents raise you, different hormones, biological differences, hard to pick out whether
nature or nurture plays a bigger role.
Gender socialization- the way you learn about gender, values, beliefs, stereotypes, environmental/ nurture.
Traditional roles – benefits- predictability and sustainability, can predict how they will be treated /
disadvantages- restrictive, people may not fall into stereotypes, looked at as more of spectrum. Not everyone
falls into traditional roles. Leads to false beliefs.
Men – instrumental; Women –expressive- women are better at expressing emotions and love. Taking love and
defining it in women’s terms. Some people express love by functional tasks (fixing something) not really
Feminization of love / different theories about love
Attachment theory of love- our primary motivation is to be connected to one another. Survival. Early
experiences, how child and caregiver gain a bond. Carries over to romantic relationships.
Kinsey studies on sexuality; -study on variety of sexual behaviors. Between men and women
Factors that influence sexual behavior- influence when people start having sex. Sex education, parents,
religion, and the environment. Different factors could scare people to not have sex. One pattern vs. many.
Sexual scripts – men have to act one way / women another way
Sexual situations. What’s expected of men and women. Example: men aren’t suppose to express feelings. Men
should be always willing to have sex. Men should always be the one to initiate. How many partners is
acceptable for men and for women.
Separate spheres of men and women-– result of Industrial revolution- traditional image of family. Pre
industrial revolution- everyone did work on farm. Post industrial revolution – men went and worked and
women stayed home to did house work
Sexual revolution – 1960’s; influence of birth control pill –became more open about talking about sex.
Separated sex for procreation/ sex for pleasure. Conversion of gender roles. Co habitations- n