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Class Notes for Linguistics at University of Delaware

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LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Part Of Speech, Affix
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What is syntax? - Set of rules for the structure of your language, located in the (subconscious) grammar in the brain - How to generate all the sentences in your language (and non that are no part of your language) Unit: w...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: English Phonology, Speech Segmentation
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Words and their meaning Speech segmentation - Imagine that you are a 8-month old infant acquiring English, and have a pretty good idea of English phonology - The next task would be picking out words from the input An exper...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Consonant Harmony, Vowel Harmony, Vocal Tract
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Vowel and Consonant Harmony - Vowel harmony: the vowels in a word are similar (share features) -- common in languages of the world - Consonant harmony: the consonants in the word are similar (share features) -- rare in adu...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Consonant Cluster, Linguistic System, Language Change
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Theories of the first year Summary of the first year (phonology) The first six months - Universal Listener - Babbling the same regardless of input language [Universal babbler] - Knows something about syllables, vowels, and...

Linguistics
LING444
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LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Vocal Tract, Psycholinguistics, Linguistic System
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Language in the first year Perception vs. productions of VOT - Interestingly, by 36 ms, all English-speakers hear the sound as t, even though t, when pronounced, has a VOT of 46-80 ms Vowels - Unobstructed vocal tract - Ca...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Phonotactics, Universal Grammar, 18 Months
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Acquisition of Phonology LAD= Language Acquisition Device UG= Universal Grammar; those parts language that all languages share (principles of UG), as well as way to determine those properties in which languages vary (maybe...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Baby Talk, Habituation, Childes
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Research Methods How about Statistics? - Can babies keep track of the frequency of words and morphemes, and how often they co-occur? - 8-month old infants do recognize new words in a nonsense string of syllables - However,...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Helen Keller, Tadoma, Visual Cortex
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Nature vs. Nurture The ferret experiment - For the visual cortexauditory cortex of the ferret, the results were extraordinary - When the auditory cortex was given visual input, the ferrets were still able to develop vision...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Medical Sign, Inflection, Nominative Case
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Modal and auxiliary verbs in English - Both types occur in the same syntactic position - Modal verbs: can, could, must, may, will, would, might - Modal verbs never take -s even with 3rd person singular: he could coulds dri...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Hemispherectomy, Prefrontal Cortex, Aphasia
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Language Disorders - Tells us about the connection between various parts of the brain and the different components of language LH vs. RH Differences in Syntax: - Shows that LH associated with syntax (while removing the RH ...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Prefrontal Cortex, Cerebral Cortex, Occipital Lobe
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Introduction to the Brain The Left Hemisphere: - Two hemispheres have slightly different functions The Cerebral Cortex - Also called the neo-cortex, the new part of the brain - The grey mantle covering the whole brain - Mo...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Prosodic Bootstrapping, Reduplication
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Theorizing about Language Acquisition - Three way representation: pronunciation, syntactic structure, and meaning Primary Linguistic Data (PLD) - Getting from PLD to your mother language cracking the code Types of evidence...

Linguistics
LING444
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LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Animal Communication, Bonobo, Pragmatics
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Question: Purely Human - The linguistic complexity of human language is unparalleled - However, portions of the human language suite might be found in other mammals - If language can be broken into meaningful parts, it cou...

Linguistics
LING444
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LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Phonetics, Psycholinguistics, Cognitive Development
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General Terms: Language: (a) one of the 6,000 individual languages of the world; (b) more generally, all human languages and their mental representation Linguistics: the (scientific) study of language Psycholinguistics: co...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
LING444 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: African Grey Parrot, Irene Pepperberg, Michael Tomasello
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Acquisition - Two main approaches: rationalist and empiricist - Rationalist: more concerned with theory of language acquisition - Empiricist: more concerned with actual developmental data - Noam Chomsky: - Father of modern...

Linguistics
LING444
Vainikka
Understanding the Short Story - Reference Guides

Award Winning Professors Series 2Understanding The Short Story3Understanding The Short Story Understanding The Short StoryUnderstanding The Short Story TM permacharts THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHORT STORY (cont.)STEPS TO ANALYS...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Twelfth Night - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Twelfth Night StructureJust the Facts AIN PLOTARALLEL PLOTSILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MPW Act IIntroduction Main characters and actions are introduced The Duke, Olivia,The Romantic Plot involves Orsino, Olivia, and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
Romeo & Juliet - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Romeo Juliet StructureBackgroundJust the Facts AIN PLOTIMEILLIAM SHAKESPEARE MTW Act I Introduction Warring feud between Capulets and Montagues Born 1564; died 1616 Play occurs over a period of 5 days in mi...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Composition - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Composition English Composition 2nd EDITION THE SENTENCE Sentencesform the basis for written language and composition A sentence is a group of words that forms a complete thought It is easier to expr...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Grammar - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Grammar English Grammar 2nd EDITION PARTS OF SPEECHSENTENCE TYPES A sentenceis a group of words that can stand DJECTIVESONJUNCTIONS AC on its own as a completed thought; it begins Describe nouns and ...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English Verbs - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English Verbs English Verbs 2nd EDITION PRESENT TENSEPHRASAL VERBS A phrasal verbis a two part verb IMPLE PRESENT S consisting of a verb and a particle Expresses daily habits or usual Expresses general factu...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors
English as a Second Language - Reference Guides

TM permacharts English as a Second Language English as a Second Language 2nd EDITION BASIC SENTENCE REQUIREMENTSSUBJECTVERB AGREEMENT All sentences must begin with a capital letter A verb must agree with its subject in per...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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