4.5-5 pages + works cited Chicago/MLA style/ other recognizable format
1.5 space 12 pt. font/ 1’’margins
Times new roman
File name: lastnamefirstname.doc (no name needed in body of paper)
MINIMUM 6Academic CITATIONS (books written by scholars relevant to the field of
anthropology and/or social science in general. (authors last name, year published: page number).
period after closed perenthesis (quotes MUST include page number)
Academic Journals MUST BE PEER REVIEWED! (anthrosource, anthropologyplus, ISI,
-Nature/Nurture debate in social science and it’s relevance to controversial issues (violence,
intelligence, sexual orientation, etc.)
(quotations indented 10 pt font, if more than 10 lines)
-Discuss one of the following controversial topics below in terms of cultural relativity
and/or applied activist anthropology. Should anthropologists engage in support or defense
of one of the following practices: Female Genital Cutting, Purdah, Infanticide, child brides,
women in the military, breast augmentation? Why or why not?
-Discuss the development of gender studies and feminist anthropology. Where are we now?
what are some current trends in gender research?
Ch. 6 Guide; Production Capitalism
Gendered labor Effects work done, wage, importance of work~median salary for women is $37,000 male
$48,000. Asian women make more money than any other race female and more than
African and Latino men.
Feminization of Jobs - Females come into a male dominated profession/ males then
consider it woman’s work. EX: Men used to be nurses until females dominated the field.
Marx and Engels: Social evolutionists who wanted to find universal laws for societal
change. DID NOT want to prove westerns ideals but see the origins of western systems.
Focused on idea of capitalism; rejected nature part of nature vs nurture debate.
Modes of production: distinguished by resources and methods of production known
as ‘means of production
Tribal ownership existed in early societies; Deep divisions between classes formed
splitting into two classes : Bourgeoisie (upper class) VS Proletariats (paupers)
Productive labor (could be pleasurable when you benefit yourself), infrastructure,
superstructure, ideology, individuality (encouraged proletariats to perpetuate their
work; giving false consciousnesthe way in which material, ideological and institutional
processes in capitalist society mislead members of the), false consciousness,
Private property ownership and patriarchy; communal (society based on
tradtion and morals, little emphasis on individual responsibility [often
polygamists]) MEN+WOMEN OF EQUALIMPORTANCE IN LABOR.
ownership of property and the ‘mother right’
Capitalisim: Men gain higher positions in society as wealth increases, patrilineal
descent, polygamy replaced monogamy. (Gave men more of a role in the family, made
women less important)
The state Apolitical mechanism that protects interests of privileged or elite class.
Did ancient matriarchies even exist? Bachofen Mutternecht’s theory suggested
women revolt against promiscuous social order to establish ‘mother right’
Joan Bamberger- Matriarchies are a myth; way to justify a mans place in society
today. Matrilineality: (brothers control women instead of husbands)
Unilineal descent:Away of reckoning kinship by tracing family connections thru
only one line; either ,mothers or fathers side.
Advantages: Greater control over property, domestic authority, higher value places
on their lives (NOT INDICATIVE OF WHETHER OR NOT WOMEN HAVE
Fatima Mernissi: Belief- Human history is progressive, human society in spit eof
accieents and setbacks, moves progressively from ‘savagery’to ‘civilization’.
• Discrepancy in Islam: Islam banished all practices in which sexual self
determinism of women was asserted.
• Islam accelerated the transition from matriliny to patriliny by enforcing marriage
institution that had much in common with patrilineal dominion (Robertson
Pre-existing systems saw biological paternity as irrelevant.
Establishment of Idda : a waiting period during which widows and divorcees are
forbidden from remarrying; unlike their mothers
Little stratification, almost no private property ownership, no universal form of labor
division by sex.
Kingship organization, pr