Democracy can be de ned as political power exercised directly or indirectly through, competition, liberty and participation. Procedural democracy: has institutions of democracy such as elections but elections may not be fair. Such as not equal access to ballot, state control of information and promotion of one candidate. Competitive authoritarianism present- hard for candidates not supported by the state to win. As countries modernize or become more economically developed, they also become more democratic. The elite perspective (transitology) (cid:12254) (cid:12254) (cid:12254) (cid:12254) Come up with systems of democracy that allow to solve issues. Life outside the state, organizations that do not have to do with the government. Participation in these clubs and activities are bene cial because many of the skills learned here transfer to political life. Foreign occupation of a country where the regime gets changed by an outside entity. Broad set of norms, beliefs, priorities and symbols that guide people in their political lives.