Impact of Disabilities: Home
Family Climate and Disability
We will use the term “family climate” to refer to the general
atmosphere in the home.
Family climate can depends upon how well the family works
as a unit
Is it inviting? Is it uninviting? Etc.
How does the family view the disability? Bad, good, etc?
Recognition of disability can be influenced by past experiences.
Religious beliefs are often an important part of how families
Families assimilate info about disability to develop perceptions and
understanding of disability.
People have expectations of routine and consistency.
Without routine, we find that our lives can be chaotic. Families
must find ways to incorporate their disabled family member into
(CULTURE) (RELIGION) (SOCIAL EXPECTATIONS)
Experience, knowledge, and beliefs influence perceptions of
What is believed about “personhood”
(collective or independent?)
What is perceived as “normal”
(expectations of behavior and socializing)
What is believed about “equality”
(is everyone supposed to be the same, do the
This includes parental responsibility! Must make an effort!
Family ecology refers to all elements that make up the family unit.
o Are families operating in isolation?
o Are they well connected?
o Does everyone play an equal role in work-load? Family ecology that results in positive family climate allows family
members to participate in expected activities.
Many factors affect ability to sustain routines.
Poverty can lead to many difficulties with finances in regards to
Parent Roles and Responsibilities
What roles and responsibilities do parents have within the family?
o Money, moral guidance, childrearing, limits, food,
transportation, safety, develop language, nurture, cultural
identity, nurture, behavior/discipline, love
What roles and responsibilities do children have within the family?
o Obey/discipline, chores, school, grow, recreation, learn from
mistakes, respectful, loving, kind
Disabilities can cause difficulties in learning and teaching.
Siblings with Disabilities
Some similarities exist among siblings:
1) They find positive and negative results.
2) They grow toward acceptance of the disability.
3) Siblings experience a range of emotional responses.
4) Siblings generally report positive family relationships.
Guilty that they do not have a disability
Know they have to be more careful with their sibling
Resentful of sibling’s extra attention
Protective over sibling
May experience embarrassment
Disadvantages of having a sibling with ID or Autism:
Infringements on time
Limited spontaneity; need for rigid routines