Lecture 2.docx

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Department
Education - Special Education, School Psychology and Early Childhood Studies
Course
EEX 2000
Professor
Penny Cox
Semester
Spring

Description
1/14/14 Notes Types of Disabilities: Home, Community, Workplace  W.H.O. – Disability is an umbrella term covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions  Impairment- Body function or structure issue (physical/cognitive)  Activity limitation- Difficulty performing tasks or actions  Participation restriction- problem experienced by individuals involvement in life situations (work experiences, living in community, driving etc.)  ADA- Disabilities- Physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities.  Record of impairment/regarded as having impairment.  Models for Defining Disabilities  Moral/ Medical/Social Models  Medical Model- Diagnose/identify the problem (assumed to be within the individual+needs to be fixed), gives treatment such as prosthetics, cochlear implants, medications etc. to fix/treat issue.  Moral Model – Says disabilities are present because of ‘wrong’that people have done. Believe disabilities are a punishment for wrong people have done. Model of ‘blame’, ‘shame’, negative ideas of people with disabilities. Child born with disability ~assumed parents had done something bad. “Judgment of the gods”  Social Model- Problems within the environment create the disability. Buildings not accessible, transport, doors etc.  Impact of Disabilities- Changes individuals life circumstances, affect how they participate in everyday activities, can affect all parts of an individuals life.  3 Overarching Issues to Impairment  Access-Getting into a building (issues w/physical disabilities)  Communication-  Receptive: person able to hear and understand what is being said  Expressive- Can person convey messages that the environment can understand  Discrimination- Implications o
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