POLS 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Literacy Test, Grandfather Clause, Civil And Political Rights

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Civil rights: protections from something by government (discrimination) Fundamental freedoms: rights that have been defined by the court to be essential to order, liberty, and justice. Missouri compromise- deal struck between south and north in 1820, whether new western states would be slave or free states, prohibiting slavery north of 36deg lat. , south of that would be slave states. Dred scott v. sandford (1857)- 1st major civil rights case to be heard by supreme court, sayi(cid:374)g the (cid:272)o(cid:373)p(cid:396)o(cid:373)ise (cid:449)as u(cid:374)(cid:272)o(cid:374)stitutio(cid:374)al, all (cid:271)la(cid:272)k people a(cid:396)e(cid:374)"t (cid:272)itize(cid:374)s. Black codes & jim crow laws required segregation in many public places, made sure they did(cid:374)"t ha(cid:448)e e(cid:395)ual (cid:396)ights u(cid:374)de(cid:396) the la(cid:449) violation of 14th amendment (ex. transportation, school, restaurants, bathrooms, water fountains) Plessy v. ferguson (1896)- further discouraged civil rights activists, separate but equal (cid:396)ights did(cid:374)"t (cid:448)iolate the 14th a(cid:373)e(cid:374)d(cid:373)e(cid:374)t, (cid:862)court darke t hour(cid:863)

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