POLS 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Federalist No. 78, Appellate Jurisdiction, Constitution

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Judicial review- power of the court to review actions taken by other branches or by states (not spelled out in constitution) The judiciary: trial courts courts of original jurisdiction/place where a case begins, appellate courts- courts of review. Jurisdiction- type of case that court has the authority to hear: original jurisdiction, appellate jurisdiction- ability to review the court, precedent- tradition of relying on past decisions to make decisions. 78: article iii, alexander hamilton, author, argued it was least dangerous branch, supreme court, congress can establish lower courts. Life tenure (lots of push back on this) Checks on the courts: congress, decides the jurisdiction of federal courts, may ratify amendments, president, nominates federal judges, with senate approval. American legal system: dual court system, federal court system and systems of all 50 states, both three-tiered. Jurisdiction of federal courts determined by u. s. constitution- based on issues at hand: criminal and civil law- civil law is people vs business.

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