POLS 1101 Lecture 14: Congress

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Congress: who runs for congress -- political experience, name recognition, fundraising, likeability all affect this. Incumbency advantage -- one of the best predictors of getting an office is if you"re already in office more resources and staff, name recognition, proven record, relationship with constituents. Drawing of house districts -- safe districts drawing lines so that one party has a significant advantage. Apportionment and redistricting are done every 10 years. Apportionment: a process occurring after every decennial census that allocated congressional seats among the 50 states. Redistricting: a process of redrawing election districts to reflect shifts in population (can be a very political process!!) Gerrymandering: intentionally redrawing districts to skew elections in favor of a particular party. Miller v. johnson (1995) : the court rules that race could not be the predominant factor in creating electoral districts. Cracking: diluting voting power of opposing party"s supporters across many districts.

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