Protestant reformation gives birth to ideas that are used in ways the creator couldn"t have imagined. Designed to reform the roman catholic church, but just left when changes wouldn"t happen. Worked through the church for a long time to try and change the church"s hierarchy. Luther was excommunicated from the church in 1521. 1492 columbus sailed the ocean blue and spain kicked out all its jews. The world became twice as large as initially thought. 1453 constantinople fell to the ottoman turks: end of christian roman empire. 1450 europeans discovered the printing press. By 1500, 300 printing shops existed equivalent to the discovery of the internet. Martin luther was successful because he could print pamphlets and spread them around, his audience grew beyond what he could see. Unhappy with church"s involvement in secular things (pope telling kings what to do) Criticized how clergy men lived and that they should be more educated. 1st translation of the bible into english.