ANTH 2303 Lecture 30: 11-11-2016 Ceramic Analysis Continued

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11/11/2016
ANTH 2303
Ceramic Analysis Continued
Ware
o Paste
o Temper
o Slip and or Glaze
Surface Treatment or Decoration
o Burnishing when you polish the ceramic
o Incising lines cut into the clay before firing
o Engraved when the lines are cut into the clay after it is fired
o Painting
Anatomy of a ceramic vessel ceramic vessels are typically illustrated by bisecting the
drawing in order to better see the decoration
o Lip - edge of the opening
o Neck - skinny part between the opening and the wider part of the vessel
o Shoulder top of the wider part of the vessel
o Handle
o Body the wider part of the vessel
o Base the bottom of the wide part of the vessel
o Support bottom part of the vessel
o Applique pieces of clay added to the vessel
Potsherd a broken fragment of ceramics
o Rim sherd any sherd with a lip, these are the most useful
o Body sherd sherds that are part of the body, these are the least useful
o Basal sherd sherds that are part of the base
Ceramic Manufacturing you can tell from ceramics what type of society there was
o Modeling clay is shaped into the desired form by hand, associated with Big Man
Societies and Chiefdoms because these societies are characterized by a domestic
mode of production
o Coiling rings of clay are stacked to create the desired form,
o Molding clay is pressed into form/mold to create the desired shape, state
specialized mode of production
o Throwing use of a rotating platform or wheel to create the shape using
centrifugal force
o Slip casting liquid clay is poured into a mold to get the desired shape, associated
with industrial societies
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