AA 4306 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: European Credit Transfer And Accumulation System, Parol Evidence Rule, Misrepresentation

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5 Jul 2018
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BUSINESS LAW NOTES
Chapter 1: The Australian Legal System
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Sources of Law
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The Separa;on of Powers
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oExecu;ve Func;on –$4(5#%-,#-/$*6,1-1./#%.$/"#$'*+
oJudicial Func;on – 0(&%/.$1-/#%:%#/$*-6$#-)(%0#$/"#$'*+
De%ni;on of a Law ANY RULE WHICH A COURT OF LAW CAN ENFORCE
Types of Law
oPrivate – O-5('5#.$61.:&/#.$7#/+##-$0123#-.$1#P$0(-/%*0/A$:%(:#%/8A$)*,1'8A$/(%/.
oPublic – 1-5('5#.$61.:&/#.$7#/+##-$0123#-.$*-6$./*/#$1#P$0%1,#A$0(-.2/&2(-*'A$/*M9
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Common Law
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Types of Cases
oFirst hearing
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Chapter 1 Tutorial Ques;ons
Ques;on 1
oA. What is law? What is its role in business?
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oB. What are the two main sources of Law in Australia Today?
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oC. What do we call the laws derived from each of those sources?
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oD. Where law from the two sources is inconsistent, which law will prevail? Why?
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Ques;on 3 –
oi. What would be the best de%ni;on of ra;o decedendi
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oIi.$What would be the best meaning of the phrase obiter dictum?
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Ques;on 4
oA. In interpre;ng statutes, what rules will the courts follow? To what types of
external material will the courts refer when interpre;ng a statute?
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oB. Would the road tra6c act 1985 s 18 apply to each of the following scenarios?
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Document Summary

Can be invalid if made outside of power: court made law. History of modern australia: australia was founded as a federal system in 1901 due to con&icted issues between the states (colonies) such as trade, train track gauges and defence. The separaon of powers: legislave funcon government makes the law, execuve funcon government administers the law, judicial funcon courts interpret and enforce the law. De%nion of a law any rule which a court of law can enforce. Types of law: private involves disputes between cizens ie: contract, property, family, torts, public involves disputes between cizens and state ie: crime, constuonal, tax. Common law: laws made by courts, are applied to all cases used in lower courts in the same hierarchy where the facts of the case are the same or similar. Civil cases: plain7 is the party suing the defendant.

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