BIOL 1312 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Ferrous, Renin, Ghrelin

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9 Aug 2018
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Kreb"s cycle: pyruvate aetyl-coa oxaloacetate, produces nadh, fadh, alternative pathway, acetyl-coa acetone beta-hydroxybutyrate (ketone bodies) Oxidative phosphorylation electron transport: nadh cytochrome atp. Important for pyruvate acetyl-coa: lack of thiamine = build up of lactic acid, deficiency comes and goes, beriberi, wet, dry. Neuropathy, muscle weakness, pain: brain, wernicke encephalopathy eye movement, korsakoff psychosis memory rice polishing, alcoholism, raw shellfish, causes, all these block thiamine d. sources of thiamine: i. seeds, whole grains, peas, pork, beef. Riboflavin b2: flavonoid family, milk, yogurt, collard greens, pork, requires very little, deficiency rare: glossitis - inflammation of the tongue, riboflavin is destroyed by sunlight. Niacin b3: nicotinamide, tryptophan, major component for nad, mild deficiencies tiredness, flushness, severe pellagra (skin disease, sources: meat, vegetables, pharmacological action: Pantothenic acid -b5: coenzyme a + pyruvate acetyl coa, rare deficiencies c. Pyridoxine b6: gluconeogenesis, production of various neurotransmitters.

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