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Anth Day2- Aug28.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 103
Professor
Rahul Sirohi
Semester
Spring

Description
Anth Day2­Aug 28 • Culture is the learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior  and interpret experience • Culture is what lets us be social. The stuff of every day life • Without culture, people and their actions would be unrecognizable Cultural Difference and the Origins of Anthropology European Colonial Expansion: Philosphical, Moral, and Political Questions: • Created a tremendous crisis for philosophers, politicians, religious leaders • How do you account for and manage human difference? • How to rule subject populations and extract resouces • Utopia and man’s “natural state” • Saving souls: Could the souls of natives be saved. Ex. Conversion Theories of Human Difference: o Inherited: o Learned: Anthropologists believe differences are mainly learned Where and how do we learn culture?:  School  Family­ taught to believe in family’s values of good and bad. Believe family is  norm.   Friends  Gender Norms  Religion  Media  Formal institution (military) Culture Includes:  Beliefs  Forms of communication  Patterns of behavior  Social categories  Forms of relatedness Culture is Knowledge: • It is learned • It allows us to interpret the world • It includes meanings that objects, people, and actions have Culture is transformative:  Cultural practices and knowledge don’t just reflect the world. They shape and  change it. Explicit Culture:  • Categories of knowledge and meaning that people can talk about Tacit Culture: • “the taken for granted” or “unsaid” • Example: Recognizing gender, how close to stand to someone ­The ethnographer o
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