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Class Notes for Anthropology at University of Illinois

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ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Social Stratification, Uruk Period, Polytheism

STATE FORMATION: State formation o Complexity of the division of social and economic labor tended to grow as food production spread and intensified Systems of poli...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Bioarchaeology, Zooarchaeology, Processual Archaeology

WHAT MAKES A STATE?: How does food production spread o Demic diffusion: expansion and migration of human populations carrying domesticated species o Stimulus diffusion: Spread without human migration (trade and communicati...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Social Stratification, Stone Tool, Sedentism

DOMESTICATION AND THE RISE OF AGRICULTURE: Holocene: shift t warm, humid, stable temps- more ideal for domestication Before this Modern Humans largely hunter-gatherers o Meat based diet ...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Upper Paleolithic, Skhul And Qafzeh Hominins, Subset

MODERN HUMAN ORIGINS AND UPPER PAELEOLITHIC Modernity -reserved for classifying AMH (anatomically modern humans) o Early Modern Humans - fossil sites in Africa from 200,000-125,000 years Skhul an...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Homo Heidelbergensis, Homo Erectus, Zhoukoudian

HOMININ DISPERSALS Dispersal is NOT migration o Dispersal you go somewhere, migration you go somewhere but come back Both happened at all the time Focus on...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Prepared-Core Technique, Tooth Loss, Mousterian

THE NEADERTHALS Lived exclusively in Europe and Western Asia (400kya-30kya) o Very cold during the time they lived here (ice age climates) o Shorter and stockier that avg modern human -robus...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Homo Habilis, Homo Rudolfensis, Mary Leakey

GENUS HOMO Climate changes 2 o .5 may environment changed to open and arid- the end of Australopithecines o By 2 mya the climate returned to warmer and more humid conditions - Genus ...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Brain Size, Lake Turkana, Prognathism

THE AUSTRALOPITHECINES Adaptive Radiation: proliferation of speciation events and new species driven by new adaption(s) o Organisms diversify from their ancestral traits o Australopithecus and Paranthropus Bipeds Diet adap...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Social Intelligence, Sexual Selection, Cooperative Breeding

PRIMATE BEHAVIOR Primates are considered general but still live in MANY different environments, flexible diet, behavior, sociality BUT still have specific traits as a group Behavior Ecology - studies evolutionar...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture 7: FOSSILS, GEOLOGY, DATING TECHNIQUES

FOSSILS, GEOLOGY, DATING TECHNIQUES Relative Dating use context to get a relative age; placing things in a time range, not exact o Stratigraphy How rocks lay on top of one another, rock continues to erode over the course o...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Hominidae, Ape, Sahelanthropus

PRIMATE ORIGINS Hominoid all apes, members of the superfamily Hominoidea (we fall under that too) Hominid modern and extinct great apes (includes humans, gorillas, chimpanzees) Hominin modern humans and our extinct ancesto...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Brachiation, Postorbital Bone, Postorbital Bar

PRIMATE TRAITS AND VARIATION How do we recognize primates? o Important: traits that define primates are not unique to the group, we lack specializations (we can make use of everything), ...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Sexual Selection, Selective Breeding, Organism

FORCES OF EVOLUTION Review: Simple (Discrete) traits o only determined by one gene (qualitative variation) Polygenic traits o affected by more than one gene. o Deter...

Anthropology
ANTH 101
Alexandra Zachwieja
ANTH 104 Lecture 6: Lecture 6: Speech Acts ANTH 104

Speech Acts Are all utterances factual statements? Austin: No, thre are plenty of utternaces that arent Response cries Questions Commands But a...

Anthropology
ANTH 104
E Kramer
ANTH 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Abortion-Rights Movements, Anti-Abortion Movements, Implicature

Language is a static tool for communicating ideas and describing the world Language isnt static Languages change (grammatical rules, words, languages merge and deviate) The ways that people use language change Macrocontext...

Anthropology
ANTH 104
E Kramer

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