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Lecture 9

Phil 101, Lecture 9.pdf

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 101
Professor
A.N.Dyschkant
Semester
Spring

Description
Philosophy of Personhood • Rational Humanism - humans are uniquely special because of their rational capacities;all and only humans are persons • There is no scientific definition of what a person is ⿞Many times described by a functional definition,a description of their actions and characteristics ⿞Many rational humanists say that all and any humans are persons ⿞"Persons are the substances of which rights and duties are attributed" ~John Salmond Aristotle's Rational Humanism ⿞Something is good when it is able to do its job well,it's teleology ⿞Teleology - the final cause,function,that which is the purpose of an object • Determining the teleology for natural things is hard because we do not create them and thus we do not define their function • Assumes that being good at being a person also means being a good,moral,person • The function argument ⿞If mankind has a
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