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Lecture 13

PSYC 201 Lecture 13: Chapter 13

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University of Illinois
PSYC 201

Chapter 13 Situational determinants of aggression - Aggression – any action with the intent to harm o Hostile aggression – motivated by anger, hostility, or genuinely wanting to hurt the other person o Instrumental aggression – motivated by something other than hostility (wanting to get attention, acquire resources, or advance a cause) - Environmental influences that increase aggression o Heat – high temperatures might lead to increased aggression; increases physiological arousal o Media/video games – if a person identifies with whom their watching, focuses on the violence or if the violence is justified then that increases the chances that watching aggression will lead to someone to be more aggressive ▪ Social learning theory – people learn how to behave in social contexts by observing others and copying their behaviors ▪ The “bobo doll” study – when people see others engaging in a certain kind of behavior, they are more likely to subsequently do the same ▪ Observational learning – adopting the behavior of others ▪ Modeling – engaging in a behavior in front of others o Social rejection – stimulates feeling of pain; activities the same brain regions as physical pain o Income inequality – all demographic groups desired a more equal distribution of wealth than the status quo ▪ Social rejection – people at the bottom feel left out; tends to increase aggression ▪ Lack of cohesion – inequality undermines the cohesiveness of society; more violence in less cohesive neighborhoods ▪ Violent competition – income inequality may pressure males into fiercer competition for access to economic resources and mates Construal processes and aggression - Construal processes o Anger – construal of the situation  anger  aggression o Dehumanization – the attribution of nonhuman characteristics and denial of human qualities to groups other than one’s own; aggression because it’s easier to harm someone who isn’t human ▪ Denying human nature – qualities that distinguish us from inanimate entities; includes our capacity for emotion, pain, expression of warmth (calling someone a “robot”) ▪ Denying human uniqueness – qualities that distinguish humans from other species; includes our capacity for civility, refinement, and complex cognitive capacities (calling people from other
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